بررسی اثر مصرف ویتامین C بعد از یک دوره برنامه فعالیت بدنی وامانده-ساز بر فاکتورهای ایمنی بزاقی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هئیت علمی

2 دانشگاه لرستان

3 دانشگاه علوم پژشکی لرستان

چکیده

با توجه به جلوگیری از افت سیستم ایمنی پس از فعالیت‌های ورزشی وامانده‌ساز و نقش ریزمغذی‌ها در این زمینه، هدف از این مطالعه، بررسی تأثیر مکمل ویتامین C بر غلظت ایمونوگلوبولینA، کورتیزول و پروتئین تام بزاقی دختران فعال دانشگاهی به دنبال برنامه فعالیت بدنی وامانده‌ساز بود. در این پژوهش نیمه‌تجربی 17دختر فعال، با میانگین سن 36/2±11/22 سال، وزن 81/6±70/55 کیلوگرم، نمایه توده‌ی بدن 25/2±88/20 کیلوگرم بر مترمربع به صورت داوطلبانه حضور داشتند که به طور تصادفی به سه گروه تمرین- مکمل ویتامین C (شش نفر)، گروه تمرین (پنج نفر) و گروه کنترل (شش نفر) تقسیم شدند. گروه تمرین- مکمل ویتامین C به مدت هفت روز برنامه فعالیت بدنی پژوهش را در دو نوبت صبح و عصر با دریافت روزانه یک عدد قرص 500 میلی‌گرمی ویتامین C در وعده‌ی ناهار اجرا کردند، گروه تمرین، تمرینات را بدون دریافت مکمل انجام دادند و گروه کنترل در تمرینات شرکت نداشتند و مکمل نیز دریافت نکردند. نمونه‌های بزاقی یک روز قبل از شروع برنامه تمرینی، 24 و 72 ساعت بعد از آخرین جلسه‌ی تمرین، ساعت 30/9 صبح جمع‌آوری شد. آزمون آماری تحلیل واریانس یک‌طرفه (ANOVA) برای مقایسه‌ی میانگین‌های ‌گروه‌ها استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد غلظت IgA بزاقی بین گروه‌ها 24 ساعت (9/0=P و 4/0=F)، 72 ساعت بعد از تمرین (1/0=P و 8/0=F) و غلظت کورتیزول 24 ساعت (7/0=P و 2/0=F) و 72 ساعت بعد از تمرین (5/0=P و 6/0=F) به طور معنی‌داری تغییر نکرد. اما غلظت پروتئین تام در 24 ساعت بعد از تمرین (03/0=P و 3/4=F) به طور معنی-داری تغییر کرد که تفاوت بین گروه تمرین و کنترل بود. 72 ساعت بعد از تمرین (1/0=P و 1/2=F) تفاوت معنی‌داری بین گروه‌ها مشاهده نشد. مطابق با یافته‌های تحقیق حاضر می ‌توان نتیجه گرفت که مصرف مکمل ویتامینC به -دنبال یک برنامه‌ی تمرینی وامانده‌ساز یک هفته‌ایی بر ایمنی مخاطی دختران فعال تأثیر ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

salivary Immune Factors, vitamin C and physical activity

نویسنده [English]

  • mohammad fathi 1
چکیده [English]

According to avoid the compromising the immune system after exhaustive exercise and the role of micronutrients in this background, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamin C supplementation on the salivary immunoglobulin A, cortisol and total protein concentration on active girls college following exhaustive physical activity program. In this semi-experimental study, 17 active girl (age 22.11 ± 2.36), weight 55.70 ± 6.81 kg, and body mass index 20.88 ± 2.25 kg.m2 voluntarily participated and randomly assigned into three groups: exercise - vitamin C supplementation (n=6), exercise (n=5) and control group (n = 6). exercise - vitamin C supplementation group performed an exhaustive physical activity program (7 days in AM and PM) with receive daily 500 mg vitamin C tablets at lunch time, exercise groups performed same protocol without supplementation receive, and the control group performed neither the physical activity nor received the supplement. Saliva samples were collected one day before starting the physical activity program and also 24 and 72 hours after the last session, in 9:30 morning. The One-Way ANOVA test was used to comparison of means among groups. The results showed there was no significant difference in salivary IgA concentrations between groups in 24 hours (P=0.9 and F=0.4) and 72 hours after the last session exercise (P=0.1 and F=0.8), and also in cortisol concentrations, in 24 hours (P=0.7 and F=0.2)

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • salivary immunity
  • Vitamin C
  • exhaustive physical activity
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دوره 25، شماره 2
خرداد و تیر 1397
صفحه 2017-227
  • تاریخ دریافت: 17 آبان 1395
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 05 اردیبهشت 1396
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 24 اردیبهشت 1396
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 خرداد 1397