تأثیر هشت هفته تمرینات ژیمناستیک در آب بر شدت کمردرد در زنان نخست بارداری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دکترای آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکدة تربیت‌بدنی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 هیات علمی

3 مربی

4 ع پ هیات علمی

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی اثر هشت هفته تمرینات ژیمناستیک در آب بر کمردرد زنان نخست بارداری بود.
روش شناسی: روش این تحقیق کوهورت آینده نگر بوده، آزمودنی های این تحقیق 62 زن نخست بارداری با دامنه سنی 28 تا 35 سال که در دوره سه ماهه دوم بارداری قرار داشتند، آزمودنی ها به طور در دسترس و هدفمند در گروه های آزمون (32 نفر) و کنترل (30 نفر) تقسیم شدند. گروه آزمون(متقاضی شرکت در کلاس آکواژیمناستیک) به مدت 8 هفته تمرینات ژیمناستیک در آب را در بیمارستان فوق تخصصی صارم توسط مربیان متخصص آکواژیمناستیک (تحت نظارت پزشک متخصص بیمارستان) انجام دادند. برای جمع آوری داده های شدت کمردرد از پرسشنامه استاندارد کیوبک، برای ارزیابی سطح عمومی سلامت از پرسشنامه SE-36 و شدت تمرین با مقیاس بورگ در سطح 8 تا 12 حفظ شد. یافته های تحقیق حاضر با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS19 ، آزمون تی وابسته و کوواریانس مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته ها: نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که هشت هفته تمرینات ژیمناستیک در آب به طور معناداری باعث کاهش شدت کمردرد و افزایش سلامت عمومی در زنان باردار نخست‌زا در سه ماهه دوم بارداری شده است(P=0/001). یافته ها در گروه کنترل افزایش معنادار (P=0/023) شدت کمردرد را نشان داد.
بحث و نتیجه گیری: بنابراین، برنامه ژیمناستیک در آب می‌تواند توسط متخصصین برای کاهش شدت کمردرد و افزایش سطح سلامت عمومی زنان باردار به عنوان روشی غیر تهاجمی در دوران بارداری توصیه گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Eight Weeks aquatic gymnastics Training on the Intensity of Low Back Pain in primiparous women

نویسندگان [English]

  • parisa sedaghati 1
  • hasan daneshmandi 2
  • Mozhgan ashtari 3
  • abo taleb saremi 4
چکیده [English]

Background: The aim of this research was to study the effects of eight weeks aquatic gymnastics Training on the Intensity of Low Back Pain in primiparous women.
Materials and Methods: This cohort study was carried out sampling primiparous women (n=62, age range: 28-35 year) in the second trimester of pregnancy were Purposefully selected and divided into two control (n=30) and experimental (n=32) groups. The experimental group performed a 8 week aquatic gymnastics Training both in water and land in the presence of the researcher, with the collaboration of aquatic gymnastics experts and under the supervision of a medical specialist at specialty hospital of Sarem (Tehran-Iran). The Qubeck low back pain standard questionnaire and Burg exercise intensity measurement scale were utilized to compare the results between the pre-/ post-test. The paired t-test and Covariance were used for analysis by SPSS V.19.
Results :The results revealed that a 8 week aquatic gymnastics Training significantly relieved the low back pain and promoted the general health of the primiparous women during the second trimester of pregnancy (P=0.001). The back pain intensity was increased in control group (P=0/023).
Conclusion: Based on findings of the present study, as aquatic gymnastics Training can eliminate the low back pain and promote the general health among the pregnants, it can be suggested as a non-aggressive method

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • aquatic gymnastics
  • Exercise
  • Health
  • pregnancy
  • Low Back Pain
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دوره 25، شماره 3
مرداد و شهریور 1397
صفحه 279-286
  • تاریخ دریافت: 21 اردیبهشت 1396
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 19 شهریور 1396
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 04 شهریور 1397
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 04 شهریور 1397