تاثیر تمرینات یکپارچگی حسی- حرکتی بر مهارت های حرکتی درشت کودکان با اختلال هماهنگی رشدی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و ﻫﺪف: ﻫﺪف از ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ، بررسی تاثیر تمرینات یکپارچگی حسی- حرکتی بر مهارت های حرکتی درشت کودکان با اختلال هماهنگی رشدی بود. مواد و روش ها: بدین منظور، از ﺑﯿﻦ ﮐﻠﯿﻪ داﻧﺶآﻣﻮزان پسر ﭘﺎﯾﻪ دوم اﺑﺘﺪاﯾﯽ سه منطقه شهر تهران ﺑﻪﺻﻮرت ﺗﺼﺎدﻓﯽ ﺧﻮﺷﻪای و بر اساس پرسشنامه و آزمون عملی MABC ، 4۰ نفر از داﻧﺶآﻣﻮزان ﻣﺒﺘﻼ ﺑـﻪ اﺧـﺘﻼل ﻫﻤـﺎﻫﻨﮕﯽ رﺷـﺪی انتخاب شدند. برای ارزیابی حرکات درشت این کودکان از آزمون مهارت های حرکتی درشت اولریخ ویرایش دوم(TGMD-2) استفاده شد. آزﻣﻮدﻧﯽﻫﺎ ﭘﺲ از اﻧﺠﺎم ﭘﯿﺶآزﻣﻮن ﺑﻪﻃﻮر ﺗﺼﺎدﻓﯽ ﺑﻪ دو ﮔﺮوه ۲۰ نفری همگن به عنوان گروه کنترل و تجربی تقسیم شدند. گروه تجربی در طی ۵۰ جلسه، هر جلسه ۴۵ دقیقه و ۶ جلسه در هفته، تمرینات یکپارچگی حسی- حرکتی را انجام دادند، در حالی که آزمودنی های گروه کنترل به فعالیت های معمول خود در مدارس می پرداختند. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد. یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که برنامه تمرینی یکپارچگی حسی- حرکتی تاثیر معناداری بر بهبود مهارت های دستکاری و کنترل شی کودکان گروه تجربی نسبت به گروه کنترل (۰۵/۰≥P) داشته است. نتیجه گیری: این برنامه تمرینی با ایجاد فرصت مناسب برای تمرین می تواند تجربه حرکتی مناسبی برای کودکان باشد؛ لذا پیشنهاد می شود در مدارس برای رشد مهارت های حرکتی درشت کودکان مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of sensory-motor integration on gross motor fuction in children with developmental coordination disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ayoub Hashemi 1
  • Shahnaz Shahrbanian 2
2 4530, Cote Des Neiges, apt= 907
چکیده [English]

Background and aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of sensory-motor integration on gross motor skills children with Developmental Coordination Disorder. Matgerials and Methods:To this end, among all elementary grade two male students in Tehran three regions stratified random sampling based on questionnaires and practical tests MABC, 30 students were selected with developmental coordination disorder. To assess the children's gross motor skills, gross motor test Ulrich Second Edition (TGMD-2) was used. After the pre-test subjects were randomly assigned to two groups of 20 subjects were divided into control and experimental groups as homogenous. The experimental group in 50 sessions of 45 minutes, 6 days a week, did exercises, sensory-motor integration, while the control group in their usual activities in their schools. In order to analyze the data, analysis of covariance was used.Results:The results demonstrated that sensory-motor integration program had a significant affection (P

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Developmental coordination disorder
  • gross motor skills
  • sensory integeration
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دوره 25، شماره 3
مرداد و شهریور 1397
صفحه 419-427
  • تاریخ دریافت: 01 تیر 1396
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 24 آبان 1396
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 12 شهریور 1397
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 12 شهریور 1397