مروری بر آنالیز مواد خطرناک موجود در محیط کار با تاکید بر میکرواستخراج مایع-مایع پخشی

نوع مقاله : مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مهندسی بهداشت حرفه ای، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی بهداشت حرفه ای، گروه مهندسی بهداشت حرفه ای، کمیته ی تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم

چکیده

چکیده: میکرواستخراج مایع-مایع پخشی (DLLME) روش میکرواستخراجی است که برای اولین بار توسط اسدی و همکاران در سال 2006 مطرح گردید و از جمله تکنیکهای آماده سازی بسیار مطلوب و بی خطر نمونه محسوب میشود. سریع و مقرون بصرفه بودن، کاربری آسان، حجم پایین حلالها، فاکتور تغلیظ بالا و زمان استخراج کوتاه از مزایای این تکنیک محسوب میگردد. استخراج و پیش تغلیظ همزمان آنالیت در حلال استخراج کننده بر پایه ی سیستم حلالهای سه گانه صورت میگیرد. حلال استخراج کننده باید غیر قطبی، غیر قابل اختلاط در آب و معمولا دانسیته بالاتر از آب داشته باشد. قطبی بودن و قابلیت انحلال در فاز آبی نیز از ویژگی های ضروری حلال پخش کننده محسوب می شود. در این مطالعه مروری به معرفی اصول بنیادی روشDLLME ، توضیح پارامترهای تاثیر گذار بر فرایند مذکور و نهایتا به بررسی کاربرد روش DLLME در استخراج مواد خطرناک موجود در محیط کار پرداخته شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Review in the analysis of hazardous material in work place by trends in the Dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Rismanchian 1
  • Karim Ebrahim 2
  • Zahra Ordudari 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 MSc student of Occupational Health Engineering, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract: Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) is a recent microextraction technique that was first developed by Assadi and et al. in 2006. This method is a very popular and benign sample-preparation technique. Fast, cost benefit, easy and fast operation, low consumption of organic solvents, high enrichment factor and short extraction time are the advantages of this technique. Simultaneous extraction and preconcentration of analytes in to a micro-volume of extraction solvent is based on a ternary solvent system. Extraction solvent must be non polar, water immiscible and usually have higher density than water. Being polar and water miscible is often considered as a necessary feature for the disperser solvent. The present review study, aims at introducing basic principles of DLLME method, parameters affecting the extraction efficiency and finally evaluating the application of DLLME method in extraction hazardous material in work place. ...... ......... ..... ..... ..... ........ ........ .......... ........... ................ ..........

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME)
  • Sample preparation
  • Hazardous material
  • Workplace
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دوره 25، شماره 6
بهمن و اسفند 1397
صفحه 749-762
  • تاریخ دریافت: 26 آبان 1396
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 14 اسفند 1396
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 27 بهمن 1397
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 27 بهمن 1397