مقایسه تاثیر درمان آدلری و درمان شناختی-رفتاری بر علایم بالینی اختلال اضطراب فراگیر

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی، دانشکدة ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکدة ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکدة ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، مقایسه تاثیر درمان آدلری و درمان شناختی-رفتاری بر کاهش شدت علایم در دانشجویان مبتلا به اضطراب منتشر بود.

مواد و روش: این تحقیق به روش نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش آزمون-پس آزمون همراه با پی گیری انجام گردید. از بین دانشجویان ﻣﺮاﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه به مرکز مشاوره دانشگاه های نیشابور 45 نفر که ملاک های اضطراب منتشر را داشتند، در سال 1395 به شیوه روش نمونه گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و به شیوه تصادفی در سه گروه آدلری، شناختی رفتاری و گروه شاهد قرار گرفتند(15 نفر در گروه). برای جمع آوری داده ها از پرسش نامه اضطراب حال/صفت اسپیل برگر استفاده شد و سپس با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS آزمون تحلیل واریانس مختلط، تحلیل کوواریانس دو راهه و تحلیل کوواریانس یک راهه مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته ها: تفاوت معناداری بین دو گروه آزمایشی آدلری و شناختی رفتاری در زمینه تاثیر بر کاهش شدت علایم در دانشجویان مبتلا به اضطراب منتشر که این دو درمان را تجربه کرده بودند، وجود نداشت (05/0P>). از طرف دیگر، مداخله آدلری تاثیر معنی داری را بر کاهش شدت علایم دانشجویان مبتلا به اضطراب منتشر نشان داد(05/0>P) اما این نتیجه برای درمان شناختی رفتاری بدست نیامد(05/0P>).
نتیجه گیری: می توان گفت که درمان آدلری در کاهش شدت علایم دانشجویان مبتلا به اضطراب منتشر نسبت به رویکرد شناختی رفتاری اثربخشی بهتری دارد و ثبات و پایداری درمان آدلری بیشتر می باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of Adlerian Treatment and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on Clinical Symptoms in Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hasan Mollanorouzi 1
  • Ali Issazadegan 2
  • Esmaeal soleymany 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Psychology, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Background and purpuse: The purpose of the present study is to compare the Adlerian Treatment and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on reducing symptoms in students suffering from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

Materials and methodology: The current research was conducted using a semi-experimental pre-test and post-test design with follow-up process. Among the students who referred to the counseling centers of the Universities in Neyshabour, 45 subjects who had the criteria for generalized anxiety were in 1395 selected available sampling and randomly assigned to three Adlerian, Cognitive-Behavioral, and control groups (15 subjects in each group). The data were collected through State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and then were analyzed using software spss mixed Variance Analysis, two-way Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA), and one-way Analysis of Covariance.

Findings: There was no significant difference demonstrated between Adlerian and Cognitive-Behavioral groups in terms of reducing the severity of symptoms in students with generalized anxiety that experienced these two treatments (P> 0.05). there was no significant difference observed with cognitive behavioral group statistically. On the other hand, the Adlerian intervention had a significant effect on reducing the severity of symptoms in students suffering from generalized anxiety (P 0.05).

Conclusion
According to the results, it can be argued that Adlerian treatment is more effective than Cognitive-Behavioral approach in reducing the severity of symptoms in students with general anxiety; the Adlerian treatment was indicated to be more stable.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adlerian treatment
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
  • Generalized Anxiety
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دوره 25، شماره 6
بهمن و اسفند 1397
صفحه 865-873
  • تاریخ دریافت: 11 بهمن 1396
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 05 اسفند 1396
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 29 بهمن 1397
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 29 بهمن 1397