تأثیر یک دوره تمرین ترکیبی (مقاومتی - هوازی) بر تراکم استخوانی و برخی از شاخص‌های خونی در زنان یائسه چاق و دارای اضافه وزن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده ی علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری سبزوار،ایران

2 استادیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر 12 هفته تمرین ترکیبی بر تراکم استخوان و برخی از شاخص‌های خونی در زنان یائسه چاق و دارای اضافه وزن بود.
مواد و روشها:29 زن یائسه غیرفعال با دامنه سنی 58 – 46 سال در این مطالعه شرکت کردند. آزمودنی‌ها در یکی از دو گروه تمرین ترکیبی (مقاومتی – هوازی) و کنترل (بدون تمرین) قرار گرفتند. قبل و بعد از دوره تمرینی، وزن، شاخص توده بدن، درصد چربی، تراکم استخوان مهره‌های کمری و سر استخوان ران (به شیوه دگزا)، کلسیم و فسفر سرم اندازه-گیری شدند. پروتکل تمرینی شامل تمرین مقاومتی بالاتنه و پایین‌تنه در 3 ست با 12 – 8 تکرار و نیز تمرین هوازی نیز شامل دویدن و طنابزنی به صورت متناوب ، به مدت 12 هفته و در هفته 3 جلسه بود. داده‌های دارای توزیع طبیعی با استفاده از روش‌های آماری آنوا و تی زوجی و داده‌های بدون توزیع طبیعی با استفاده از کروسکال والیس و ویلکاگسون مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند.
یافتهها:گروه تجربی نسبت به گروه کنترل افزایش معناداری را در کلسیم سرمی، تراکم استخوان مهره‌های کمری و گردن ران نشان داد (05/0>P). کاهش معناداری در وزن، درصد چربی و شاخص توده بدن مشاهده شد (05/0>P). فسفر سرمی تغییر معناداری نداشت (05/0

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of combined training (resistance – aerobic) on BMD and some of blood markers in obese and overweight postmenopausal women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nafise Mofidi Sadr 1
  • Roya Askari 2
  • Amir Hossein Haghighi 3
1 Master science student of sport physiology, sport physiology faculty, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar,Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzavari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzavari University, Sabzevar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks of combined exercise on bone mineral density and some blood parameters in postmenopausal women with overweight.
Materials and Methods: 29 inactive postmenopausal women with an age range of 58 to 46 years participated in this study. Subjects were placed in one of the two exercises (resistance-aerobic) and control (without exercise). Before and after the training period, weight, body mass index, fat percentage, bone density of the lumbar vertebrae and femoral head (in dexas), calcium and serum phosphorus were measured. The exercise protocol included upper and lower resistance exercises in 3 sets with 12 to 8 repetitions, and aerobic training including running and waving alternately for 12 weeks and 3 sessions per week. The data with normal distribution were analyzed using ANOVA and T-Paired methods and data without normal distribution using KruskalWallis and Wilcoxon. Finding: The experimental group showed a significant increase in serum calcium, bone density in the lumbar spine and neck (P

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • aerobic –resistance exercise training
  • Bone Mineral Density
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Menopause
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دوره 26، شماره 2
خرداد و تیر 1398
صفحه 203-211
  • تاریخ دریافت: 30 مرداد 1397
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 19 آبان 1397
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 27 خرداد 1398
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 27 خرداد 1398