عنوان مقاله [English]
Background: Neutropenia is defined as absolute neutrophil counts of less than 1,500 cubic millimeters. This differential diagnosis involves a lot of normalization to a life-threatening disorder. Considering the importance of early detection of the cause of neutropenia and its appropriate measures to reduce mortality and impose financial costs, this study was conducted to determine the duration of admission of neutropenic patients based on the cause and antibiotics used.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was descriptive-analytic. In this study 111 patients with neutropenia from 1962 to 1395 were surveyed at Masoumeh Hospital in Qom. Information was obtained from a patient's medical record through a questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 20 using independent t-test, ANOVA, Chi-square and Fisher's exact test. The significance level was considered to be less than 0.05.
Results: This study showed that patients with malignancy had the highest hospitalization time ( 25-35). And patients with viral diseases had the least hospitalization time (5-4 days). 71.2% of patients consumed antibiotics during the hospitalization period, and 28.8% of patients without antibiotics had spent the duration of admission. The highest frequency of antibiotics was ceftriaxone (25.98%).
Conclusion: The present study showed that there is a significant relationship between the duration of hospitalization and the cause and severity of the disease. Therefore, considering factors such as the cause at the start of admission, it can play a key role in advancing a proper management in treating patients with neutropenia.
Keywords: Neutropenia, Antibiotic، hospitalization