آموزش برنامه ایمن‌سازی در مقابل استرس بر سبک مواجهه با استرس، تنظیم هیجان و سلامت روانی زنان بی‌سرپرست

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد روان‌شناسی بالینی، گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران

2 استادیار روانشناسی، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکدة روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران

3 دکترای تخصصی روانشناسی، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکدة روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران

4 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی، مدیر اداره بهزیستی شهرستان خمین

5 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی عمومی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران

6 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره تحصیلی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: چگونگی مقابله با عوامل استرس‌زای زندگی بر کیفیت زندگی زنان سرپرست خانوار تأثیر می‌گذارد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر برنامه ایمن‌سازی در مقابل استرس بر مواجهه با استرس، تنظیم هیجان و سلامت روانی زنان بی‌سرپرست انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: این پژوهش از نوع نیمه‌آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل است. 48 نفر از زنان تحت پوشش سازمان بهزیستی شهرستان خمین به شیوه در دسترس انتخاب و در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شدند. داده-ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه راهبردهای مقابله‌ با استرس، تنظیم هیجان و مقیاس سلامت روان جمع‌آوری و با روش تحلیل کوواریانس تحلیل گردید.
یافته‌ها: نشان داد که آموزش تاب‌آوری و مدیریت استرس باعث استفاده بیشتر از راهبردهای مثبت مواجهه با استرس همانند مواجهه مسئله‌مدار و کاربرد کمتر راهبردهای کوتاه‌مدت مثل مواجهه هیجان‌مدار می‌شود (001/0p

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of the Stress immunization program on Coping with stress Strategies, emotion regulation strategies and mental health in female-headed households covered by the Welfare Organization

نویسندگان [English]

  • Faramarz Sohrabi 1
  • Mehdi khanjani 2
  • Yoosef Aazami 3
  • Esmail Khanjani 4
  • Payman Mam Sharifi 5
  • Elahe Froghi Neghad 6
1 Professor of Clinical Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran
2 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University
3 PhD of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran.
4 Master of General Psychology, Director of the Department of Welfare of Khomein city
5 Graduate student of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran
6 Graduate student of School Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran
چکیده [English]

Background: How to cope with life stressors affects the quality of life of female headed households. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the Stress immunization program on coping with stress, emotion regulation and mental health in female-headed households were covered by welfare organization.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental research with pretest – posttest and control group design. 48 women covered city Khomeini Welfare Organization, which of these, randomly into two experimental and control groups were replaced. Data collected using of coping strategies, emotion regulation and General Health (GHQ-28) questionnaires, and the results were analyzed using Multivariate and analysis of covariance.
Results: The results showed that Stress immunization program makes greater use of positive coping strategies such as problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping is used less as a short-term strategies. Also, reassessment strategy at posttest in the experimental group was significantly higher than the scores of the control group and the strategy of repression in the posttest in the experimental group showed negative, also, results showing reduce symptoms of somatic, anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction and depression in household women.
Conclusion: Based on the findings, it can be said that Stress immunization program is a multi-dimensional program and affect thoughts, emotions and behaviors in people and with factors such as cognitive restructuring, search for meaning, relaxation exercises and positive thinking, can have a significant impact on improving people mental health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stress immunization program
  • emotional regulation
  • Mental health
  • women
  • coping with stress
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