اثربخشی درمان متمرکز بر شفقت بر نشانگان افسردگی، اضطراب، استرس و خودکارآمدی وزن در افراد مبتلا به اختلال خوردن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران

2 دکترای روان‌شناسی، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران

چکیده

اهداف: اختلالات تغذیه و خوردن با اختلالات پایدار در خوردن یا رفتارهای مربوط به خوردن مشخص می‌شوند که منجر به آسیب قابل توجه در سلامت جسمی و عملکرد روانی- اجتماعی میگردند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین اثربخشی درمان متمرکز بر شفقت بر بهبود نشانگان افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس و خودکارآمدی وزن در زنان مبتلا به اختلال خوردن (طیف محدود کننده) انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: در یک طرح نیمه تجربی از نوع پیش آزمون-پس آزمون با گروه کنترل، تعداد 30 نفر از دانشجویان دختر مشغول به تحصیل دانشگاه کردستان در سال‌تحصیلی 95-94 که از نقطه برش معلوم شده در مقیاس محدودیت در غذا خوردن نمرات متوسط رو به بالایی اخذ کرده بودند، پس از ارزیابی بالینی اولیه و احراز شرایط پژوهش، به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (درمان متمرکز بر شفقت، 15 نفر) و کنترل (15 نفر) گماشته شدند. ابزارهای مورد استفاده در این پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس، و مقیاس سبک زندگی مبتنی بر خودکارآمدی وزن بود. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از روش آماری تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیری (MANCOVA)استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج درمانی بر روی گروه آزمایش پس از دریافت 8 جلسه درمان متمرکز بر شفقت نشان داد که این درمان موجب کاهش معنی‌دار در علایم افسردگی(001/0P

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy on depression, anxiety, stress, and weight self-efficacy in patients with eating disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Taher Pour 1
  • Ahmad Sohrabi 2
  • Mehdi Zemestani 2
1 M. A of Clinical Psychology, University of Kurdistan
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Kurdistan
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Aims: Eating disorders are characterized by persistent eating disorders or eating behaviors that leading to significant damage on physical and psychosocial function. This study aimed to examine the efficacy of compassion-focused therapy on improving symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress and weight self-efficacy in women with eating disorders (restrictive type).
Materials & Methods: In a quasi-experimental design pretest-posttest control group design, a total of 30 girls of University of Kurdistan at the year between 2014-2015 who had higher range at determined cut-off point in Revised Rigid Restraint Scale, after initial clinical assessment and qualifications of the study, purposive sampling method selected and randomly assigned to two experimental (Compassion-Focused Therapy, n=15) and control groups (n=15). Data collection tools were Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS), and Weight Efficacy Lifestyle Scale (WELS) that subjects before and after the intervention were assessed by this tool. In order to analyze the data, multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) was used.
Results: Outcome of the experimental group received 8 sessions focused therapy showed that treatment focused on compassion have effect on improving depression (F=93.15, P

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • compassion-focused therapy
  • eating disorder
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • stress
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