مقایسه اضطراب اجتماعی، افکار خودکشی و حمایت اجتماعی افراد تَراجنسی تغییر جنسیت داده و تغییر جنسیت نداده

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد بوکان، ایران

2 استادیار روان‌شناسی، گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران

3 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد بوکان، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: اختلال ملال جنسیتی از شرایط بسیار پیچیده بالینی محسوب می‌شود که این دسته از اختلال‌های روان‌شناختی، مشکلات بزرگ و پیامدهای آسیب‌زا برای فرد مبتلا، خانواده وی و جامعه ایجاد می‌کنند. در راستای شناخت بهتر اختلال ملال جنسی، پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین تفاوت اضطراب اجتماعی، افکار خودکشی و حمایت اجتماعی بین افراد ترا‌جنسی‌ تغییر جنسیت داده و تغییر جنسیت نداده انجام گردید.
روش بررسی: پژوهش حاضر توصیفی از نوع علی- مقایسه ای است. جامعه آماری شامل تمامی اعضای تَراجنسی تغییر جنسیت داده و تغییر جنسیت نداده انجمن حمایت از بیماران ملال جنسیتی ایران در سال 96-97 در شهر تهران بود (249=N). 60 نفر نمونه (30 نفر تغییر جنسیت داده و 30 نفر تغییر جنسیت نداده) به شیوه در دسترس انتخاب و پرسشنامه‌های اضطراب اجتماعی، گرایش به خودکشی بک و حمایت اجتماعی شربون و استوارت را تکمیل نمودند. داده‌ها با روش آماری تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: یافته‌های به دست آمده نشان داد که بین افراد تَراجنسی تغییر جنسیت داده و تغییر جنسیت نداده از لحاظ اضطراب اجتماعی، افکار خودکشی و حمایت اجتماعی تفاوت معنادار (01/0 ≥P) وجود دارد. بدین صورت که افراد تَراجنسی تغییر جنسیت داده نمرات بالاتری در حمایت اجتماعی و افراد تَراجنسی تغییر جنسیت نداده در اضطراب اجتماعی و افکار خودکشی نمرات بالاتری کسب کردند.
نتیجه‌گیری: برمبنای یافته‌های پژوهش می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که گروه تَراجنسی تغییر جنسیت داده بیشتر دنبال حمایت اجتماعی هستند، اما در گروه تَراجنسی تغییر جنسیت نداده اضطراب اجتماعی و افکارخودکشی بیشتر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Social Anxiety, Suicidal Ideation and Social Support in People with Transsexual Has Done Gender Reassignment and Has Not Do Gender Reassignment

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Mohammadbaqeri 1
  • Hiva Mahmoodi 2
  • Salah Sofy 3
1 Master of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Bokan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Bokan
چکیده [English]

Background & Objectives: the main goal of The purpose of this study was to determine the difference social anxiety, suicidal ideation and social support between people with transsexual has done gender reassignment and has not do gender reassignment.

Materials and Methods: This is a causal-comparative study. The statistical population included all members of the transsexual has done gender reassignment and has not do gender reassignment Association for the Support of Iranian Nursing Patients in Tehran in 2018 (N = 249). 60 subjects (30 transsexuals has changed gender and 30 has not changed gender) were selected in an accessible method and completed the Conner social anxiety Inventory, Beck Suicidal Thoughts, and Sherburne & Stewart Social Support. Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance analysis using SPSS version 24.0 at the level of 0.05.

Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference between people with transsexual has done gender reassignment and has not do gender reassignment in terms of social anxiety, suicidal thoughts and social support (P ≤ 0.01). In this way, transsexual has done gender reassignment gained higher scores in social support and transsexual has not do gender reassignment have higher scores in social anxiety and suicidal ideation.

Conclusion: Based on the findings of the study, it can be concluded that transsexual has done gender reassignment group are more likely to seek social support, but, social anxiety and cognitive anxiety are higher in transsexual has not do gender reassignment group.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • social anxiety
  • Suicidal Ideation
  • Social Support
  • Transsexual
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دوره 26، شماره 6
بهمن و اسفند 1398
صفحه 771-778
  • تاریخ دریافت: 23 مهر 1397
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 03 آذر 1397
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 19 اسفند 1398
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 19 اسفند 1398