رابطه اعتیاد به کار با میزان افسردگی و اضطراب در پزشکان متخصص بیمارستان‌های دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی، سبزوار، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سبزوار، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سبزوار، ایران

4 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

5 کارشناسی ارشد آموزش پرستاری، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی، سبزوار، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف اعتیاد به کار می‌تواند لذت‌بخش ولی خسته‌کننده و مشکل‌ساز باشد. این حالت، پیامدهای مثبت و منفی به دنبال دارد. بر این اساس، پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسیرابطه اعتیاد به کار با میزان افسردگی و اضطراب در پزشکان متخصص بیمارستان‌های دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌‌هااین پژوهش، از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش را تمامی پزشکان متخصص بیمارستان‌های دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار به تعداد 58 نفر تشکیل دادند که تمامی به‌عنوان نمونه، انتخاب و به صورت سرشماری، بررسیشدند. برای جمع‌آوری اطلاعات، از پرسشنامه‌های اعتیاد به کار اسپنس و رابینز، افسردگی بک و اضطراب اشپیلبرگر استفاده شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از نرم‌افزارSPSS20و از روش‌های آمار توصیفی و آمار استنباطی (ضریب همبستگی و رگرسیون) استفاده شد.
یافته‌‌ها نتایج نشان داد که ارتباط معناداری بین اعتیاد به کار و اضطراب و افسردگی (0/05>p) وجود دارد؛ همچنین اعتیاد به کار، قابلیت پیش‌بینی افسردگی و اضطراب را داشته است (0/05>p).
نتیجه‌گیریاعتیاد به کار می‌تواند باعث افزایش اضطراب و افسردگی گردد. بنابراین سازمان‌ها باید در نظر داشته باشند که اعتیاد به کار همیشه نمی‌تواند برای کارکنان و سازمان‌ها مفید باشد و لذا مدیران باید به راه‌کارهایی بیندیشند که از بروز چنین مسائلی که می‌تواند برای سلامتی مضر باشد، پیشگیری کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between workaholism and depression and Anxiety levels in specialist physicians of hospitales of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamid yaghoutimoghaddam 1
  • Frshad jaberi Koshki 2
  • mahnaz haghnazar 3
  • hamid sadeghi 4
  • mohammad hosein zadeh hesari 5
1 MSc, Department of operating room and anesthesia, School of Paramedics. University of medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
2 PhD, Department Educational Sciences, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Azad University, Sabzevar, Iran
3 MSc, Department Educational scinences Azad University Sabzevar Iran
4 MSc, Department of Educational Management, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
5 MSc, Department of Operating Room, School of Allied Medical Sciences Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Workaholism can be enjoyable, but at the same time, frustrating and problematic with positive and negative repercussions. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between workaholism and depression and anxiety levels in specialist physicians of hospitals affiliated to Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences during 2017-2018.
Materials and methods: This correlation study, The statistical population of this study included all specialist physicians in hospitals affiliated to Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences that selected by census method. The research instruments used were Beck Depression Inventory, and Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory, The Spence and Robbins Questionnaires also were used for workaholism. For analyzing data, SPSS-20 software and descriptive and inferential statistical methods (Correlation Coefficient, Regression) were applied.
Results: The results indicated that there was a significant and relatively strong relation between workaholism and its components with anxiety and depression (p<0/05). Workaholism can also predict depression and anxiety (p<0/05).
Conclusion: The current study shows that work can be a reason of diseases if employees get addicted to it. Thus organizations should pay more attention to this fact that working hard in work place, is not always beneficial for individuals and organization both. So managers have to consider ways to prevent these dangerous consequences which can be harmful for their employee’s health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Workaholism
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • specialist physicians
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دوره 27، شماره 6
بهمن و اسفند 1399
صفحه 788-794
  • تاریخ دریافت: 09 تیر 1398
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 19 تیر 1398
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 01 اردیبهشت 1399
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 اسفند 1399