رابطة بین متغیرهای زمینه‌ای و سرمایة اجتماعی در دانشجویان علوم پزشکی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقای سلامت، دانشکدة بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری آموزش بهداشت و ارتقای سلامت، دانشکدة بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری گروه آمار زیستی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

4 کارشناسی ارشد مطالعات زنان، دانشکدة علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: سرمایه اجتماعی یکی از متغیرهای تاثیرگذار بر رشد و توسعه اقتصادی، اجتماعی و سلامتی جامعه است. بنابراین هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی سرمایه اجتماعی در بین دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران است.
مواد و روش ها: این مطالعه از نوع مقطعی می باشد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران در سال 97-1396 می باشد که تعداد 367 نفر به صورت تصادفی و با استفاده از فرمول نمونه گیری کوکران انتخاب شدند. به منظور گردآوری داده‌های پژوهش از پرسشنامه سرمایه اجتماعی دلاویز (1384) به همراه تعدادی از متغیرهای زمینه ای استفاده شد. برای بررسی اعتبار و پایایی پرسشنامه به ترتیب از اعتبار صوری و آلفای کرونباخ بهره گرفته شد. همچنین برای تحلیل داده ها از نرم افزار 17 spss و نیز از آزمون‌ های تحلیل واریانس یک طرفه، تی مستقل و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شد.
یافته ها: سرمایه اجتماعی در این پژوهش با میانگین 91/54 در سطح متوسطی قرار داشت. نتایج نشان داد که دانشجویان در بعد اعتماد با میانگین(97/10) کمترین میزان و در بعد مشارکت گروهی با میانگین(47/17) دارای بیشترین میزان سرمایه اجتماعی بودند. همچنین بین متغیرهای سن، دانشکده، جنسیت و وضعیت تاهل با سرمایه اجتماعی رابطه معنی داری یافت نشد. اما متغیرهای وضعیت اشتغال، مقطع تحصیلی و وضعیت سکونت دارای رابطه معنی داری با سرمایه اجتماعی بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Relationship between Demographic Variables and Social Capital Among Iranian Medical Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahnaz Solhi 1
  • Javad Yoosefi lebni 2
  • Sedighe Rastaghi 3
  • Bahar Khosravi 4
  • Esmaeil Fattahi 2
1 Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD. Candidate. Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran
3 PhD. Student of Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4 Master of Women Studies, Faculty of Educational Science and Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Social capital is one of the variables influencing the economic, social and health development of society. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the social among Iranian university students.
Materials and MethodsThis study is a cross-sectional study. The statistical population of this research includes all students of Iran University of Medical Sciences in 2017. 367 people were selected randomly using the Cochran sampling formula. In order to collect the data, the Delaouiz Social Capital Questionnaire (2005) was used along with a number of underlying variables. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were used for face validity and Cronbach's alpha, respectively. Also, for analyzing the data, spss17, and one-way ANOVA, t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient were used.
Results: Social capital in this research with an average of 91/54 was moderate. The results showed that the students had the lowest level of in the dimension trust (10.97) and in the group's participation with the average (17.47) had the highest social capital. Also, there was no significant relationship between age, college, sex and marital status with social capital. But the variables of employment status, educational level, and residence status had a significant relationship with social capital.
Conclusion: Social capital can affect the mental and social health of students as well as their level of scientific and social progress. Therefore, attention to the social capital of students and its promotion should be one of the main goals of the authorities of the university and society.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Capital
  • Students
  • Iran University of Medical Sciences
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دوره 27، شماره 1
فروردین و اردیبهشت 1399
صفحه 113-120
  • تاریخ دریافت: 18 مهر 1397
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 21 آبان 1397
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 02 خرداد 1399
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 02 خرداد 1399