نقش تعدیلکننده همدلی در رابطه سرمایه روانشناختی با افسردگی و اضطراب در پرستاران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد رواشناسی بالینی، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی نیشابور، نیشابور، ایران

2 گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه  واکنش‌های هیجانی نامناسب مثل اضطراب و افسردگی، در جوامع امروز بسیار مشهود هستند و جامعه پرستاری را درگیر کرده‌اند که می‌توانند بر کیفیت مراقبت‌های بهداشتی در حال ارائه تأثیر بگذارند. با توجه به در معرض خطر بودن بهداشت روانی پرستاران، پژوهش حاضر به بررسی تعیین نقش تعدیل‌کننده همدلی در رابطه سرمایه روان‌شناختی با افسردگی و اضطراب در پرستاران می‌پردازد.
روش کار این پژوهش، پژوهشی اکتشافی از نوع طرح‌های همبستگی است. با توجه به جدول مورگان، تعداد 217 نفر از پرستاران (165 زن و 52 مرد) شاغل در بیمارستان‌های شهر سبزوار در بهار سال 1396 به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه‌های سرمایه روان‌شناختی لوتانز و همکاران (2007)، مقیاس همدلی بارون- کوهن (2003) و مقیاس اضطراب و افسردگی بیمارستانی زیگمون و اسنایت (1983)، استفاده شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون چندمتغیره تعدیلی به کمک نرم‌افزار spss-22 تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها نتایج نشان دادند که بین سرمایه روانشناختی و افسردگی و اضطراب بیمارستانی در پرستاران، رابطه منفی معناداری وجود دارد (01/0›P). همچنین همدلی در رابطه سرمایه روان‌شناختی با نشانه‌ بالینی اضطراب و افسردگی نقش تعدیل‌کننده دارد (01/0›P).   
نتیجه‌گیری بر اساس یافته‌های این پژوهش می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که همدلی می‌تواند رابطه سرمایه روان‌شناختی با نشانگان بالینی افسردگی و اضطراب بیمارستانی را تعدیل کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Moderating Effect of Empathy on the Relation Psychological Capital with Depression and Anxiety Among Nurses

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Azad Manjiri 1
  • Ebrahim Namani 2
1 MA in Clinical Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University of Neyshabur, Neyshabur, Iran
2 Counseling Associate Professor Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Inappropriate emotional reactions such as anxiety and depression is very evident in today’s societies, affecting and causing too many problems for nurses, then effect on the quality of providing health cares. According to the nurses' exposure to mental health disorders, the purpose of the present research is to study empathy moderating role in relationship between psychological capital with depression and anxiety of nurses.
Materials and Methods: This research is an exploratory research of correlation plans. Based on  Morgan Table were selected 217 subjects of employed nurses (100 male and 117 female) as hospitals of Sabzevar in spring 2018 by available sampling. In order to obtain data, Luthans et al (2007), psychological capital questionnaire, Baron-Cohen empathy(2003), and Anxiety and Depression Scale of  Zigmond  and Snaith Hospital (1983),were used. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analyses by SPSS-22 software.
Results: Findings of the present research showed that there are negative significant relationship between psychological capital and hospital of anxiety and depression of nurses (p<0.01).  also empathy is mediating role in relationship between psychological capital and clinical symptoms of anxiety and depression(p<0.01).
Conclusion: According to the findings of the research, it can be concluded that empathy can be mediated relationship psychological capital and hospital clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Empathy
  • Psychological Capital
  • depression
  • anxiety
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