وضعیت نیم‌رخ حافظه (فعال، دیداری و شنیداری) در افراد مبتلا به لوپوس اریتماتوی سیستمیک و افراد سالم

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ی علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف  لوپوس اریتماتوی سیستمیک، یک بیماری خودایمن مزمن با علت‌شناسی ناشناخته می‌باشد. این بیماری، ارگان‌های متعددی؛ از جمله سیستم اعصاب مرکزی را درگیر می‌کند. هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی وضعیت نیم‌رخ حافظه (فعال، دیداری و شنیداری) در افراد مبتلا به لوپوس اریتماتوی سیستمیک و افراد سالم بود.
مواد و روش‌ها بدین منظور 30 بیمار مبتلا به لوپوس اریتماتوی سیستمیک و 30 فرد سالم به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. این افراد با استفاده از آزمون توالی حروف- ارقام، آزمون یادگیری کلامی- شنیداری ری (RAVLT) و آزمون حافظه دیداری (زیرمقیاس حافظه وکسلر III) ارزیابی شدند. داده‌های حاصل، با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس یک‌متغیره، چندمتغیره و آزمون یو- مان ویتنی تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که نمرات حافظه فعال در بین دو گروه، معنادار بود (005/0>p). بین دو گروه در حافظه دیداری فوری و حافظه شنیداری فوری، تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد. در حافظه دیداری تأخیری (یادآوری و بازشناسی) (02/0p<) و حافظه شنیداری تأخیری (یادآوری و بازشناسی) (04/0p<) تفاوت معنادار وجود دارد.
نتیجه‌گیری حافظه بیماران مبتلا به لوپوس اریتماتوی سیستمیک به ویژه در ابعاد حافظه فعال، دیداری و شنیداری تحت تأثیر آسیب‌های نورولوژیک مرتبط با این بیماری قرار می‌گیردکه نیاز به ارزیابی‌های نوروپسیکولوژیک زودهنگام و برنامه‌های توانبخشی مرتبط را جدی‌تر می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Memory profile Status (working, visual and auditory) in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and healthy individuals

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahshid Taherzadeh 1
  • Mahgol Tavakoli 2
1 Master in clinical psychology, Department of psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with an unknown etiology. The disease affects several organs such as central nervous system. The purpose of this study was to assess memory profile (working, visual and auditory) in SLE patients and healthy individuals.
Materials and Methods: Thirty SLE patients and 30 healthy individuals were selected by the convenience sampling method. The sample was evaluated by Letter-Number Sequencing Test, Rey auditory verbal learning test (RAVLT) and Visual Memory test (Wechsler Memory III subscale). Data were analyzed by the univariate analysis of variance, multivariate analysis of variance and the  Mann- Whitney U Tests.
Results: The results revealed a significant difference (p<0/005) between the two groups in  working memory. There were no significant differences between SLE patients and healthy individuals in terms of immediate auditory memory and immediate visual memory. The results showed the significant differences between two groups in delayed visual memory (free recall and recognition) (p<0/02) and delayed auditory memory (free recall and recognition) (p<0/04).
Conclusion: Memory of  patients diagnosed with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, especially working, visual and auditory memory dimensions was be  affected by neurological deficits related to the illness, which makes early neuropsychological assessments and related rehabilitation programs even more vital.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Lupus Erythematosus Systemic
  • Memory
  • Neuropsychological Tests
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