بررسی ریسک فاکتورهای اختلالات اسکلتی عضلانی به روش ارزیابی سریع مواجهه و اثر مداخله ارگونومی بر کاهش اختلالات در کارگران صنعت کلید و پریز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی گروه مهندسی بهداشت حرفهای، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی نیشابور ، نیشابور ، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی مهندسی بهداشت حرفه ای ، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی ، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی نیشابور ، نیشابور ، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف  بروز ناراحتی‌های اسکلتی عضلانی، یکی از اثرات عدم‌تناسب بین تکنولوژی و فرد است که باعث بروز ناتوانی‌های شغلی، از دست رفتن زمان کار و افزایش هزینه‌ها خواهد شد. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی ریسک فاکتورهای اختلالات اسکلتی عضلانی در کارگران کارخانه کلید و پریز و تأثیر مداخلات بر کاهش سطح این اختلالات انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها این مطالعه مداخله‌ای، بین 75 نفر از کارگران زن کارخانه کلید و پریز با سابقه کاری بیش از یک سال در سال 96 انجام شد. پس از بررسی مستندات پزشکی و تکمیل پرسشنامه ارزیابی سریع مواجهه و نوردیک قبل و بعد از مداخلات ارگونومیک به صورت آموزش و انجام حرکات اصلاحی صورت گرفت. اطلاعات به دست آمده با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخه 20 و آزمون کای دو، رگرسیون، تی مستقل و من ویتنی، ارزیابی شد.
یافته‌ها بیشترین اختلالات اسکلتی عضلانی گزارش شده در نواحی شانه، مچ دست، بخش تحتانی کمر، قسمت فوقانی کمر با درصد فراوانی 68، 61، 58 و 51 بود که با توجه به مداخلات ارگونومیک انجام شده این میزان کاهش برای هر ناحیه به ترتیب 60، 46، 49 و 46 درصد شد که کاهش نسبتاً خوبی در میزان ناراحتی‌ها بود.
نتیجه‌گیری اقدامات مداخله‌ای صورت گرفته در این صنعت، مؤثر بودن این روش‌ها را برای کاهش اختلالات اسکلتی عضلانی نشان داد و می‌توان به این نتیجه رسید که مداخلات آموزشی و چرخشی کردن فعالیت‌ها به صورت توأم تا حدودی در کاهش اختلالات مؤثر بوده است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Disorders by Quick Exposure Check and Effect of Ergonomic Intervention on Reducing Disorders in Assemblers in an Electric Industry Worker

نویسندگان [English]

  • somayeh bolghanabadi 1
  • fateme khanzade 2
  • fateme gholami 2
  • najme moghimi 2
1 Instructor, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran
2 Students Research Committee, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Incidence of musculoskeletal disorders is one of the effects of inappropriateness between subjects and technology, which reduces the level of human immunity, occurrence of occupational disabilities, loss of working time and increasing costs. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders for assemblers in an electric industry workerand effect of interventions on reducing the level of these disorders.
Materials and Methods: This interventional study was carried out among 75 women workers in a wall plug factory having more than one year working experience in 2017. The data collected were analyzed by using SPSS software version 20 and Chi-square, regression, independent t-test, after reviewing medical documentation and completing QEC and Nordic questionnaires before and after ergonomic interventions which was done in the form of training and corrective actions.
Results: According to the results, the highest reported musculoskeletal disorders were in the shoulder, wrist, lower waist, upper lobe with frequency of 68%, 61%, 58% and 51%, respectively, that with respect   to ergonomic interventions, this reduction for each area was 60%, 46%, 49% and 46%, respectively, which was relatively a good reduction in abnormalities.
Conclusion: The interventions in this industry have shown the effectiveness of these methods for reducing musculoskeletal disorders, and it can be concluded that educational interventions and making activities periodically together have been effective in reducing disorders.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Assembly workers
  • Quick Exposure Check
  • Nordic questionnaires
  • Ergonomic interventions
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