بررسی نقش راهبردهای کنترل فکر بر استرس ادراک شده بیماران پرفشاری خون مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز بهداشت شهر قاینات

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1-مربی، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد قاینات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قائنات، ایران 2-باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران

2 مربی، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد کاشمر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کاشمر، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف  یکی از جدی‌ترین اختلالات روانی فیزیولوژیایی و مهم‌ترین عوامل خطرزا برای بیماری قلبی- عروقی، پرفشاری خون مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز بهداشت شهر قاینات است. در ایجاد فشار خون بالا، عوامل مختلفی مانند راهبردهای کنترل فکر و استرس ادراک شده نقش دارند؛ از این رو پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش راهبردهای کنترل فکر بر استرس ادراک شده بیماران پرفشاری خون انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها روش پژوهش، توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. برای انتخاب نمونه پژوهش، از بین کلیه بیماران (زن و مرد) مبتلا به پرفشاری خون مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز بهداشت شهر قاینات (جمعاً 200 نفر) در سال 1397، تعداد 180 نفر به طور در دسترس انتخاب شدند. سپس شرکت‌کنندگان، به پرسشنامه کنترل افکار ولز و دیویس (1994)، پرسشنامه استرس ادراک‌ شده کوهن (1983) پاسخ دادند. داده‌های به‌دست آمده، با نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخه 22 تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها نتایج، نشان داد بین مؤلفه‌های کنترل فکر، مؤلفه پرت کردن حواس، ارزیابی دوباره، نگرانی و تنبیه با استرس ادراک شده، رابطه معنی‌دار وجود دارد (0/05>p). به طوری که مؤلفه پرت کردن حواس و ارزیابی دوباره، رابطه منفی و مؤلفه‌های نگرانی و تنبیه، رابطه مثبت با استرس ادراک شده دارند (0/05>p).
نتیجه‌گیری راهبردهای کنترل فکر، بر استرس ادراک شده بیماران فشار خون نقش دارد که استرس، موجب بسیاری از اختلالات و بیماری‌های روان‌تنی؛ از جمله فشار خون می‌گردد. حال آن که اگر انسان با کنترل افکار، از نظر روانی، سالم و سلامت باشد، دچار استرس نمی‌شود و از بیماری فشار خون در امان خواهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Thought Control Strategies on Perceived Stress in Hypertension Patients Referred to Health Centers in Qaenat

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Tahan 1
  • Elahe Ahangari 2
1 Lecturer, Department of Psychology, Qaenat Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaenat, Iran
2 Lecture, Department of Psychology, Kashmar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kashmar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: One of the most severe physiological, psychological disorders and the most critical risk factors for cardiovascular disease is hypertension. High blood pressure is associated with several factors, such as thought control strategies and perceived stress. This study aimed to investigate the role of thought control strategies on perceived stress in hypertensive patients.
Materials and Methods: The research method was a descriptive correlational. To select the research sample, 180 patients with hypertension who referred to the health centers of Qaenat (200 persons in total) were selected in 2018. Participants then responded to Wells and Davis (1994), Perceived Stress Questionnaire Cohen (1983). Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 22.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant relationship between the components of mind control, the component of distraction, reassessment, fear and punishment with perceived stress (p <0.05). So that the component of distraction and reassessment of negative relationship and the components of worry and punishment are a positive relationship with perceived stress (p <0.05).
Conclusion: Thought control strategies play a role in the perceived stress of hypertensive patients. Stress causes many disorders and mental illness, including hypertension. However, if a person is mentally sound and healthy, he will not be stressed and will be safe from blood pressure. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Thought Control Strategies
  • Perceived Stress
  • Blood Pressure
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