مقایسه شاخصهای گردی بدن و شکل بدن و ارتباط آنها با سطوح فعالیت بدنی و دیگر شاخص های آنتروپومتری در زنان مینسال و سالمند مبتلا به بیماری قلبی عروقی و سالم

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

2 دکترای تخصصی فیزیولوژی ورزش، گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: شاخصهای آنتروپومتریکی شاخص توده بدنی و دور کمر اغلب برای پیش‌بینی ریسک فاکتورهای قلبی عروقی استفاده می‌شود. شاخصهای گردی بدن و شکل بدن به تازگی معرفی شده‌اند. هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مقایسه شاخص شکل بدنی و شاخص گردی بدن بین افراد سالم و بیمار قلبی-عروقی و ارتباط آنها با میزان فعالیت بدنی و شاخصهای آنتروپومتری زنان میانسال و سالمند بود.
مواد و روشها: برای انجام مطالعه مقطعی حاضر 269 زن با دامنه سنی 40 تا 70 سال (136 نفر سالم و 133 بیمار قلبی عروقی) انتخاب شدند. سطح فعالیت بدنی با ﭘﺮﺳﺶﻧﺎﻣﻪﻱ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻲ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺪﻧﻲ ارزیابی و بر اساس آن و همچنین بیماری قلبی‌عروقی آزمودنی‌ها به 7 گروه: بیمار قلبی عروقی، ریسک فاکتور فعال، ریسک فاکتور متوسط، ریسک فاکتور غیرفعال، سالم فعال، سالم متوسط و سالم غیرفعال تقسیم شدند. شاخصهای گردی بدن و شکل بدن، شاخص توده بدنی، دور کمر، نسبت دور کمر به لگن و وزن اندازه گیری شد. از آزمونهای ANOVA یکطرفه و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: ﺩﺭ گروه بیمار قلبی عروقی شاخص شکل بدن (004/0=p) و گردی بدن (004/0=p) بطور معنیداری بیشتر از گروه سالم فعال بود. در گروه بیمار قلبی شاخص شکل بدن با نسبت کمر به لگن رابطه مثبت (59/0=r) و با فعالیت بدنی (36/0-=r) رابطه منفی و شاخص گردی بدن با شاخص توده بدنی(83/0=r)، درصد چربی بدن (65/0=r) و نسبت کمر به لگن رابطه مثبت (59/0=r) معنیداری و با میزان فعالیت بدنی رابطه منفی (22/0-=r) معنیدار داشت.
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نتایج تحقیق، شاخص شکل بدن، گردی بدن و نسبت کمر به لگن در بیماران قلبی عروقی نسبت به افراد سالم فعال بطور معنی‌داری بیشتر بود. همچنین، شاخص شکل بدن و بدن گردی در بیماران قلبی با تعداد بیشتری از شاخص‌های آنتروپومتری ارتباط معنیدار داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The comparison of a Body Shape Index and Body Roundness Index and association with physical activity and anthropometric indices in healthy middleage and elderly women and with cardiovascular diseases

نویسندگان [English]

  • mahbobeh ziari 1
  • Amin Farzaneh hesari 2
1 MSc in Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
2 PhD, department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist circumference (WC) are well-used anthropometric predictors for cardiovascular diseases (CDV). Recently, two new anthropometric indices, the A Body Shape Index (BSI) and Body Roundness Index (BRI) have been developed. The main research aim is to compare BSI and BRI in healthy women and cardiovascular diseases and association between both with physical activity and anthropometric indices in middle-age and elderly women.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was carried out on 269 people (136 healthy women and 133 CDV) aged 40 to 70. Physical activity level was measured with IPAQ-SE and Participants divided into seven groups, based on physical activity level and CDV: CDV, active CDV risk factors, moderate active CDV risk factors, low active CDV risk factors, active healthy, moderate active healthy and low active healthy. A variety of anthropometric parameters were measured and calculated, including BSI, BRI, WC, BMI, fat mass percentage (%FM). For analyzing the data, one-way ANOVA test and Pearson correlation coefficient was used.
Results: Significant increase for BSI (p=0/036) and BRI were observed in CDV than active healthy. In CDV, the relationship between BSI with WHR (r=0/59), physical activity level (r=-0/36) and between BRI with BMI (r=0/83), WHR (r=0/59), %FM (r=0/65) and physical activity level (r=0/22) was significant. Conclusion: The present study indicated that BRI, BSI and WHR were significant higher in CDV than healthy women. In CDV, BRI and BSI correlated with more anthropometric measures.
Received

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anthropometric Indices
  • body shape index
  • body roundness index
  • Cardiovascular diseases
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دوره 27، شماره 6
بهمن و اسفند 1399
صفحه 778-786
  • تاریخ دریافت: 04 آذر 1397
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 23 بهمن 1397
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 23 بهمن 1397
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 27 بهمن 1399