پیش‌بینی اضطراب سلامتی براساس ترس از کووید-19 با میانجی‌گری سیستم فعال‌سازی و بازداری رفتاری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی‌ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

4 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: با توجه به افزایش شیوع بیماری کووید-19، تجربه بالای ترس و اضطراب، قابل پیش‌بینی است. در همین راستا، هدف از مطالعه حاضر، بررسی رابطه ترس از کووید-19 با اضطراب سلامتی از طریق نقش میانجی‌گری سیستم فعال‌سازی و بازداری رفتاری بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: طرح پژوهش حاضر توصیفی- همبستگی و از نوع تحلیل مسیر بود.جامعه آماری این پژوهش، شامل بزرگسالان ایرانی بود که از این میان 605 نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه‌های اضطراب سلامتی (HAI-18)،ترس از کووید-19 (FCV-19S) و مقیاس سیستم‌های فعال‌سازی و بازداری رفتاری (BAS/BIS Scale) جمع‌آوری شدند. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از روش همبستگی پیرسون، رگرسیون چندگانه و تحلیل مسیر انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: یافته‌های تحقیق نشان داد که بین ترس از کووید-19، سیستم بازداری رفتاری و سیستم فعال‌سازی پاسخ‌دهی به پاداش با اضطراب سلامتی، همبستگی معناداری (p <0.01) وجود دارد. علاوه بر این، نتایج بوت استراپ نیز بیانگر این است که نقش میانجی‌گری سیستم بازداری رفتاری (0.001) و سیستم فعال‌سازی پاسخ‌دهی به پاداش (0.006) معنادار بود.
نتیجه‌گیری: براساس یافته‌های این پژوهش، ترس از کووید-19 می‌تواند از طریق تعامل با سیستم بازداری رفتاری و سیستم فعال‌سازی پاسخ‌دهی به پاداش، اضطراب سلامتی را پیش‌بینی کند و در آن تأثیرگذار باشد. بنابراین، مداخلاتی مبتنی‌بر معرفی پیشگیری‌هایی در رابطه با ابتلا به کووید-19 در راستای کاهش ترس و اضطراب افراد از مبتلا شدن به آن، نتایج مثبتی با خود در پی دارد و می‌تواند به‌عنوان برنامه‌های پیشگیری در نظر گرفته شود تا به افراد در غلبه بر اضطراب سلامتی تجربه‌شده کمک کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Health Anxiety Based on Fear of Covid-19 Mediated by Behavioral Activation and Inhibition System

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Javad Asghari Ebrahim Abad 1
  • Mohammadreza Mazloomzadeh 2
  • Milad Shirkhani 2
  • Kimia Sabbagh 3
  • Faezeh Salayani 4
1 1. Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 2. M. A. Student of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3 B. A. Student of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
4 Ph. D student of counseling, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi university of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Due to the increasing rate of Covid-19 disease, experiencing a high level of fear and anxiety is predictable. In this regard, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between fear of Covid-19 and health anxiety through the mediating roles of behavioral activation and inhibition system.
Materials and Methods: The design of the present study was descriptive-correlation and path analysis. The statistical population of this study included Iranian adults from which 605 people were selected by convenient sampling method. Data were collected using the Health Anxiety Inventory (HAI-18), Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and Behavioral Activation and Inhibition Systems Scale (BAS / BIS Scale). Data analysis was performed using Pearson correlation, multiple regression and path analysis.
Results: The findings showed that there is a significant correlation (P <0.01) between fear of COVID 19, Behavioral inhibition system and reward responsiveness subscale of behavioral activation system with health anxiety. In addition, the Bootstrap results indicate that the mediating roles of the behavioral inhibition system (0.001) and the reward responsiveness subscale of the behavioral activation system (0.006) is significant.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, fear of COVID 19 can predict and affect health anxiety through interaction with behavioral inhibition system and reward responsiveness subscale of the behavioral activation system. Therefore, interventions based on the introduction of prevention programs concerning Covid-19 to reduce the fear and anxiety of people about getting it, have positive results and can be considered as prevention programs to help people overcome experienced health anxiety.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Fear of Covid-19
  • Health anxiety
  • Behavioral activation and inhibition systems
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دوره 28، شماره 3
مرداد و شهریور 1400
صفحه 311-319
  • تاریخ دریافت: 30 بهمن 1399
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 20 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 21 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 24 اردیبهشت 1400