ارائه و برازش مدل پیشگیری از آسیب‌های ورزشی دانشجویان تربیت‌بدنی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد ایرانشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ایرانشهر، ایران

2 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

3 استادیار آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ولایت، ایرانشهر، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: میزان شیوع آسیب‌های ورزشی در دانشجویان تربیت‌بدنی، بسیار زیاد است و عوامل مختلفی از جمله عوامل مدیریتی بر بروز آن تأثیر دارند.
مواد و روش‌ها: در این پژوهش ﭘﯿﻤﺎﯾﺸﯽ- همبستگی با استفاده از طرح نظام‌مند نظریه داده‌بنیاد از 12 استاد تربیت‌بدنی (به‌صورت هدفمند از طریق مصاحبه) اطلاعات موردنیاز جمع‌آوری گردید. سپس مصاحبه­ها کدگذاری و مدل نظری تحقیق بر اساس آن تدوین شد. در پایان به‌منظور بررسی برازش مدل نظری، پرسش‌نامه‌ای طراحی گردید و 330 داﻧﺸﺠﻮی تربیت‌بدنی (به روش خوشه‌ای تصادفی) آن را تکمیل و ضرایب تأثیر بخش‌های مختلف مدل از طریق مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری در محیط نرم‌افزار PLS بررسی شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل داده‌های کیفی حاصل از مصاحبه، منجر به ارائه مدل پیشگیری از آسیب‌های ورزشی دانشجویان تربیت‌بدنی برمبنای عوامل مدیریتی با 13 مقوله و 38 مفهوم در قالب ابعاد 6 گانه شامل موجبات علی، پدیده اصلی، راهبرد، ویژگی‌های زمینه‌ای، شرایط مداخله‌گر و پیامد شد. آزمون کلی مدل معادلات ساختاری از طریق شاخص نکویی برازش بررسی و برازش مدل (0/74=GOF) تأیید گردید. مقدار آماره تی برای تأثیرگذاری هریک از متغیرهای موجبات علی، ویژگی‌های زمینه‌ای، شرایط مداخله‌گر بیشتر از (1/96) به‌دست آمد؛ از این رو تأثیرگذاری آنها بر آسیب‌پذیری دانشجویان تربیت بدنی تأیید شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: براساس یافته­ها و مدل ارائه‌شده با اصلاح رویکرد در بخش پذیرش دانشجو، برنامه­ریزی آموزشی و ایمن‌سازی اماکن در کنار آموزش و آگاهی‌بخشی به استادان و دانشجویان، امکان کاهش قابل‌توجه در بروز آسیب ورزشی در دانشجویان تربیت­بدنی خواهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Presenting and Fitting a Sports Injury Prevention Model in Physical Education Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fahimeh Keavanloo 1
  • Esmaeil ُSharifian 2
  • Kourosh Ghahraman Tabrizi 2
  • Mohammad Seyedahmadi 3
1 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Department of Physical Education, Iranshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iranshahr, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Sports Management, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of sport injuries and corrective exercises, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities, Velayat University, Iranshahr, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Sports injuries among physical education students are prevalent and various factors, including management factors, affect them.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, by using the systematic design of the data based theory required information was collected from 12 physical education teachers through targeted interviews. The interviews were then coded and a theoretical model of the research were developed. Finally, in order to evaluate the accuracy of theoretical model a questionnaire was designed and completed by 330 physical education students and the effect coefficients of different parts of the model were investigated by modeling structural equations in PLS software environment.
Results: The results of the analysis of qualitative data obtained from the interview led to the presentation of the model of prevention of sports injuries of physical education students based on managerial factors with 13 categories and 38 concepts in the form of 6 dimensions including causal factors, the main phenomenon, strategy, background characteristics, intervening conditions and outcomes. General test of structural equation modeling was performed using the Goodness of Fit Test and was confirmed(GOF = 0.74). The statistical value of T for the effect of each ofcausal factors, background characteristics, intervening conditions was higher than (1.96), so their effect was confirmed.
Conclusion: Thus, by modifying the approach of student admission, educational programming and securing places along with teaching and informing, we will be able to significantly reduce the incidence of sports injuries in physical education students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Structural Model:Sports injury prevention: Physical Education Students: Management Factors: Fitting Model
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دوره 28، شماره 3
مرداد و شهریور 1400
صفحه 413-424
  • تاریخ دریافت: 09 اردیبهشت 1399
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 05 تیر 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 24 تیر 1399
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 مرداد 1400