تأثیر تمرین مقاومتی شدید بر سطوح آیریزین و عامل رشد فیبروبلاست 21 در مردان دارای اضافه‌وزن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای تخصصی فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

2 دانشیار، دکترای تخصصی فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

3 استادیار، دکترای فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: چاقی، اختلال متابولیکی است که از طریق افزایش هزینه انرژی و تحریک عوامل مرتبط با قهوه­ای شدن بافت چربی سفید، قابل‌کنترل و پیشگیری است. هدف از تحقیق حاضر، بررسی تأثیر تمرین مقاومتی شدیدبر سطوح آیریزین و عامل رشد فیبروبلاست 21 در مردان دارای اضافه‌وزن بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: در این مطالعه نیمه‌تجربی، 20 مرد دارای اضافه‌وزن (میانگین 3/33±36/56سال و نمایه توده بدن 3/02±29/41 کیلوگرم بر مترمربع) از طریق فراخوان انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه تمرین مقاومتی شدید و کنترل قرار گرفتند. برنامه گروه مقاومتی به‌صورت دایره­ای با شدت 85-80 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه، سه جلسه در هفته به مدت هشت هفته انجام شد. 24 ساعت قبل و 48 ساعت بعد از دوره تمرینی سطوح سرمی آیریزین و عامل رشد فیبروبلاست 21 (FGF21) از همه آزمودنی­ها در حالت ناشتا اندازه‌گیری شد. تجزیه ‌و تحلیل داده‌ها به‌وسیله آزمون تی همبسته و آنکوا در سطح معنی­داری 0/01>P انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: سطوح سرمی آیریزین و FGF21 در گروه تمرین مقاومتی شدید در مقایسه با گروه کنترل افزایش معناداری را نشان داد (0/01>P). وزن بدن، BMI و درصد چربی بدن در گروه تمرین مقاومتی شدید در مقایسه با گروه کنترل، کاهش معناداری را نشان داد؛ درحالی‌که در گروه کنترل، افزایش معناداری مشاهده شد (0/01>P). 
نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می‌رسد تمرین مقاومتی شدید می‌توانند به‌عنوان گامی مؤثر در تبدیل بافت چربی سفید به قهوه‌ای و بهبود ترکیب بدنی افراد دارای اضافه‌وزن و چاق مورد تأکید قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of high-intensity resistance training on Irisin and Fibroblast growth factor 21 levels in overweight men

نویسندگان [English]

  • morteza hajinia 1
  • AmirHossein Haghighi 2
  • Roya Asgari 3
1 PhD in exercise physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabsevari University, Sabsevar, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, hakim Sabsevari University, Sabsevar, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, hakim Sabsevari University, Sabsevar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Obesity is a metabolic disorder that can be controlled and prevented by increasing energy expenditure and stimulating factors related to the browning of white adipose tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of high-intensity resistance training on Irisin and Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) levels in overweight men.
Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 20 overweight men (mean 36.56± 3.33 years and body mass index 29.41± 3.02 kg/m2) were randomly selected. They were assigned in two groups of high-intensity resistance training and control. The program of the Resistance Group was conducted in a circular shape with an intensity of 85-80% of a maximum repetition, three sessions per week for eight weeks. 24 hours before and 48 hours after the training period, serum Irisin levels and FGF21 subjects were measured in the fasting state. Data analysis was performed by correlated t-test and ANCOVA at the significance level of P<0.01.
Results: Irisin and FGF21 Serum levels in the high-intensity resistance training group showed a significant increase compared to the control group (P<0.01). Bodyweight, BMI, and body fat percentage in the high-intensity resistance training group showed a significant decrease compared to the control group, while a significant increase was observed in the control group (P<0.01).
Conclusion: It seems that high-intensity resistance training can be emphasized as an effective step in convert white adipose tissue to brown and improving the body composition of overweight and obese people.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resistance training
  • Irisin
  • FGF21
  • Body composition
  • Obesity
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دوره 28، شماره 3
مرداد و شهریور 1400
صفحه 457-465
  • تاریخ دریافت: 18 اردیبهشت 1399
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 20 مرداد 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 21 مرداد 1399
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 مرداد 1400