مدل‌یابی علّی گرایش به اعتیاد براساس حساسیت اضطرابی با میانجیگری دشواری در تنظیم هیجان در نوجوانان پسر

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیارگروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: افزایش مصرف مواد مخدر در میان نوجوانان تبدیل به یک بیماری همه‌گیر شده است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف مدل‌یابی علی گرایش به اعتیاد براساس حساسیت اضطرابی با میانجیگری دشواری در تنظیم هیجان در نوجوانان پسر انجام گرفت.
مواد و روش‌ها: پژوهش حاضر به روش همبستگی انجام شد. کلیه دانش‌آموزان مشغول به تحصیل در سال 1398 شهرستان پارس‌آباد جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر را تشکیل دادند. تعداد 231 نفر از این افراد به شیوه نمونه‌گیری تصادفی خوشه‌ای از بین جامعه آماری فوق انتخاب شدند و به پرسش‌نامه‌های حساسیت اضطرابی، گرایش به اعتیاد و دشواری در تنظیم هیجان پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها نیز به‌وسیله شاخص­های آمار توصیفی، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و مدل‌یابی علی تحلیل مسیر با استفاده از نرم‌افزارهای SPSS 25 و 8.8 Lisrel تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که حساسیت اضطرابی به‌صورت مستقیم و غیرمستقیم (با میانجیگری دشواری در تنظیم هیجان) با گرایش به اعتیاد، رابطه داشت. مدل پژوهش با میانجیگری دشواری در تنظیم هیجان، از برازش مناسبی برخوردار است. شاخص‌های برازش مدل نیز ارتباط حساسیت اضطرابی به گرایش به اعتیاد را با دشواری در تنظیم هیجان تأیید کردند.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج نشان داد حساسیت اضطرابی به‌عنوان متغیر مستقل و دشواری در تنظیم هیجان به‌عنوان متغیر میانجی، عامل مهمی در پیش‌بینی گرایش به اعتیاد می‌باشند که می­توانند در برنامه­ریزی مداخلات پیشگیری و کارگاه­های آموزشی در زمینه مدیریت و کنترل راهبردهای تنظیم هیجان و اضطراب مفید واقع گردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Causal Modeling of Tendency to Addiction Based on Anxiety Sensitivity Mediated by Mediation Difficult in Emotion Regulation in Male Adolescents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sefolah aghjani 1
  • shirin ahmadi 2
  • vahid fallahi 2
1 Associate Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 PhD student of psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Increasing drug use among adolescents has reached an epidemicThis study aimed Causal Modeling of Tendency to Addiction Based on Anxiety Sensitivity Mediated by Mediation Difficult in Emotion Regulation in Male Adolescents.
Materials and Methods: The method of this study was descriptive-correlational. The whole students studying in Parsabad city in the year 2019 formed the statistical population of this study. Two hundred thirty-one of them were selected through cluster sampling from above statistical population and they were asked to respond to questionnaires of anxiety sensitivity, tendency to addiction and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equating modeling (SEM) using SPSS-25 and  Lisrel 8.8software.
Results: The results showed that anxiety sensitivity was directly and indirectly associated with tendency to addiction (with difficulty mediating emotion regulation). The research model is well-fitted with difficult mediation in emotion regulation. Model fit indices also confirmed the association between anxiety sensitivity to addiction tendency and difficulty in emotion regulation.
Conclusion: The results showed that anxiety sensitivity as an independent variable and difficulty in emotion regulation as mediator variable are important factors in predicting addiction tendency. Which can be useful in planning prevention interventions and workshops to manage and control emotion and anxiety adjustment strategies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • anxiety sensitivity
  • Addiction
  • emotion regulation
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