اثر بخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر تاب آوری و خودپنداره کودکان و نوجوانان مبتلا به سرطان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی ، دانشکده علوم انسانی ، دانشگاه آزاد ، واحد تهران غرب ، تهران ، ایران

2 استادیار ، گروه روانشناسی ، دانشکده علوم انسانی ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، واحد غرب ، تهران ، ایران

3 استادیار ، دانشکده علوم انسانی ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، واحد تهران غرب ، تهران ، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف : درمان پذیرش و تعهد ، یکی از درمان های رفتاری موج سوم در زمینه درمان اختلالات اضطرابی است. هدف پژوهش حاضر ، بررسی اثر بخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر تاب آوری و خودپنداره کودکان مبتلا به سرطان است.

روش کار : پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه تجربی با طرح پیش آزمون – پس آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه کودکان مبتلا به سرطان بستری بیمارستان امام خیمنی (ره) تهران در سال 1398بودند که از بین آن ها 30 کودک به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل گمارده شدند و از پرسشنامه های خودپنداره پیرز-هریس (1969) و تاب آوری کانر-دیویدسون(2003) استفاده شد. برای آزمودنی های گروه آزمایش ، درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد در شش جلسه 60 دقیقه ای ارائه شد.داده ها با روش تحلیل کوواریانس به کمک نرم افزار SPSS24 مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.

یافته ها : نتایج نشان داد درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر خود پنداره (001/0=p،05/24=F)و تاب آوری(002/0=p،88/11=F)کودکان مبتلا به سرطان تاثیر داشته است.یافته ها نشان داد که درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر مؤلفه های رفتار ، اضطراب و محبوبیت خودپنداره همچنین بر تاب آوری کودکان مبتلا به سرطان تأثیر داشته است.

نتیجه گیری : درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر تاب آوری و خودپنداره کودکان مبتلا به سرطان تأثیرمثبت داشته از این رو کاربرد این گونه درمان ها در کنار سایر روش های درمانی به مشاوران و روان شناسان کودک توصیه می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on resilience and self-concept of children and adolescents with cancer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahya Ebrahimi 1
  • Sima Ghodrati 2
  • Hamidreza Vatankhah kourandeh 3
1 Master of Clinical Psychology Student ,Faculty of Humanities , West Tehran branch ,Islamic azad university , Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, West Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Objective:Acceptence and commitment Therapy is One of the Third Wave behavioral Therapies for the treatment of anxiety Disorders.the purpose of this study to investigate the the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Resiliency and Self-Concept in children with cancer.

Methods:The Present Study was quasi-experimental with post-test pretest design with control group.The statistical population included all children with cancer admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran in 1398 , of which 30 children were randomly assigned to experimental and control group.Pears-Harris (1969) Self-Concept questionnaire and Connor-Davidson(2003) resilience were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups.For the experimental group , Acceptence and commitment Therapy was presented in six session of 60-minutes. Data were analyzed by analysis of covariance using SPSS24 software.

Results:The results showed that the Treatment based on acceptance and commitment had an Effect

on self-concept(p = 0.001, F = 24.05) and Resiliency (p = 0.002, F = 11.88)in children with cancer.The findings showed That Acceptance and Commitment based Therapy on the components of Behavior , Anxiety , popularity , Resiliency and self concept on children with cancer.



Conclusion:Acceptance and commitment therapy has a positive effect on resilience and self concept of children with cancer. Therefore the use of such treatments methods is recommended to counselors and child psychologists.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Acceptance and commitment Therapy(ACT)
  • cancer
  • Resilience
  • Self-concept
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دوره 29، شماره 1
فروردین و اردیبهشت 1401
صفحه 1-12
  • تاریخ دریافت: 25 تیر 1399
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 22 دی 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 22 دی 1399
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 24 بهمن 1400