عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background: loneliness is one of the most widespread complaints of elders that has serious consequences on their mental health, so present study is done in Sabzevar to examaine the effects of group reminiscence on loneliness in elders.
Materials and Methods: the present experimental study is examined 73 of male elders who visited sabzevar rehabilitation clinic of elders and retirement centers. These people was selected according to input criterions and devided to interval group (36 persons) and control group (37 persons) by random. To control the effect of pretest on post test results, every group was devided into two groups, one with pretest and the other without it. First of all, loneliness was held for interval groups (8 sessions, 1 session perweek for an hour), at the end loneliness was measured in all groups and data analyzed by spss 20. Loneliness was measured by standard lonliness questionnaire. Here the statistical testes was included analyzed of variance; ANOVA, analyzed of covariance; ANCOVA, Independent Samples Test, Paired Samples Test.
Results: the mean of loneliness after intervention in groups with pretest was: interval group: 10/15 ± 1/63, control group: 13/84± 3/30 Independent Samples Test shows meaningful difference. The mean of loneliness after intervention in groups without pretest was: interval group: 12±3/09, control group: 13/56 ± 3/92 Independent Samples Test shows meaningful difference.
Conclusion: according to the present study 8 session of group reminiscence had posetive effects on reducing loneliness in.