عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background and Purpose: Development of antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria motivates attempts to search for newer antimicrobial agents. In this research study, antibacterial effect of plant extract of M. communis , z.multiflora and Allium sativum on biofilm formation by strains of Staphylococcus aureus resistant to the antibiotic were investigated.
Methods and Materials: 17 samples were separated from nose and throat of hospital and non-hospital personnels. The effect of extracts on biofilm formation by S.aureus and its resistant respect to the antibiotic were determined using a microplate 96 .
Results: Effect of antibacterial extracts used at different concentrations showed that, despite the relative resistance of most strains at concentrations used, the maximum sensitivity was at concentrations of 1.25, 2.5 and 5 mg/ml of extracts and concentration of 10 mg/ml of the extract was considered as MBC. Bacterial growth was observed only at 24 hours and no biofilm was observed at any of the extracts.
Conclusion : Results showed that plant extracts can reduce biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus and, therefore, they can play an important role in reducing disease.