پیش‌بینی هوش هیجانی و سازگاری اجتماعی براساس سبک‌های دلبستگی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس‌ارشد، گروه روانشناسی عمومی، دانشکده روانشناسی، واحد زرند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمان، ایران.

2 کارشناس‌ارشد، گروه روانشناسی کودکان استثنایی، دانشکده روانشناسی، واحد زرند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمان، ایران.

چکیده

اهداف باتوجه‌به اهمیت سبک‌های دلبستگی در شخصیت دانش‌آموزان، مطالعه حاضر با هدف پیش‌بینی سازگاری اجتماعی و هوش هیجانی آنان بر اساس سبک‌های دلبستگی صورت گرفته است.
مواد و روش ها روش این مطالعه، همبستگی و جامعه‌ آماری شامل تمام دانش‌آموزان دختر دبیرستانی شهرستان بافق در سال تحصیلی 92-1391 بودند که تعداد 250 نفر با استفاده از جدول مورگان و به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند و پرسش‌نامه­‌های هوش هیجانی شوت، سازگاری اجتماعی و دلبستگی هازن و شیور را تکمیل کردند. داده‌­های پژوهش با استفاده از شاخص‌های آمار توصیفی، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون با نسخه 18 نرم افزار SPSS و در سطح معناداری 05/0 تحلیل شدند.
یافته ها نتایج نشان داد با سبک دلبستگی اجتنابی دانش‌آموزان می‌توان 254/0 هوش هیجانی آن‌ها را پیش‌بینی کرد (001/0P<)؛ اما از طریق دلبستگی ایمن (265/0P=) و دلبستگی دوسوگرا (556/0P=) نمی‌توان به‌طور معنی‌داری هوش هیجانی دانش‌آموزان را پیش‌بینی کرد. همچنین، با سبک دلبستگی اجتنابی دانش‌آموزان می‌توان 379/0 سازگاری اجتماعی آن‌ها را پیش‌بینی کرد (001/0P<)؛ اما از طریق دلبستگی ایمن (826/0P=) و دلبستگی دوسوگرا (665/0P=) امکان‌پذیر نیست.
نتیجه گیری در راستای ایجاد سبک‌ دلبستگی ایمن، علاوه‌بر روابط اجتماعی سازنده و سازگاری لازم در موقعیت‌های مسئله‌ساز و تنش‌زا برخورداری از سازه هوش هیجانی نیز توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Emotional Intelligence and Social Adjustment Based on Attachment Styles

نویسندگان [English]

  • Naeemeh Nasergholi-Bafghi 1
  • Hamid Molaei 1
  • Ali Hasanzadeh 2
1 MSc., Department of Genaral Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Zarand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.
2 MSc., Department of Exceptional Children Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Zarand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between attachment styles and emotional intelligence/social adjustment of female high school students in Bafq, Iran.
Materials & Methods This study used a descriptive correlational methodology. The study population consisted of all 700 students of Bafq, from them a total of 250 students were chosen based on Morgan table and through a multistep clustering sampling method. Shoot's (1998) questionnaire of emotional intelligence, Ahqar's (2006) questionnaire of social adjustment, and Hazen & Shaver (1987) questionnaire of adult attachment were used for data collection.
Results Results showed that, by having students' avoidant attachment, one can predict 0.254 and 0.379 of their emotional intelligence (P<0.001) and social adjustment (P<0.001), respectively. However, one cannot significantly predict students' emotional intelligence and social adjustment based on their safe/ambivalent attachment style. Also, there is a direct and significant relationship between students' emotional intelligence and their social adjustment (P>0.05).
Conclusion In order to establish a secure attachment style, and building social relationships and adaptation to challenging and stressful situations, it is recommended to have the emotional intelligence construct.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Lysogeny
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Social adjustment
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دوره 23، شماره 3
مرداد و شهریور 1395
صفحه 398-405
  • تاریخ دریافت: 20 اسفند 1394
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 29 فروردین 1395
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 20 خرداد 1395
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 مرداد 1395