بررسی اثربخشی شش هفته تمرین ذهن‌آگاهی بر غلظت کورتیزول بزاقی و عملکرد ورزشی تیراندازان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه تربیت‌بدنی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تفت، تفت، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه رفتارحرکتی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه روانکاوی، مرکز تحقیقات دیابت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید صدوقی یزد، یزد، ایران

چکیده

اهداف در زمینه اثر مداخلات ذهن‌آگاهی بر پاسخ محور هیپوتالاموس هیپوفیز آدرنال (HPA) و عملکرد ورزشی ورزشکاران مطالعات اندکی صورت گرفته است. هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی اثربخشی شش هفته تمرین ذهن‌آگاهی بر غلظت کورتیزول بزاقی به عنوان شاخص روان‌شناختی معتبر در استرس رقابتی و عملکرد ورزشی تیراندازان است.
روش بررسی تحقیق حاضر نیمه‌تجربی و با استفاده از طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل انجام شده است. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل تمام تیراندازان پسر استان یزد با دامنه سنی 17 تا 22 سال بود. برای انجام تحقیق 16 تیرانداز حرفه‌ای به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل (هر گروه 8 نفر) قرار گرفتند. برای سنجش میزان استرس رقابتی از کیت کورتیزول بزاقی شرکت IBL آلمان مدل RE-52611 و برای اندازه‌گیری عملکرد از فرم‌های مخصوص استفاده شد. برای مقایسه نمره‌های عملکرد از آزمون تی مستقل و برای مشاهده غلظت کورتیزول بزاقی گروه کنترل و آزمایش از تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری مکرر استفاده شد. داده‌ها به کمک نسخه 20 نرم‌افزار SPSS تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد.
یافته ها یافته‌های این پژوهش کاهش معنا‌داری را در غلظت کورتیزول بزاقی و افزایش عملکرد ورزشی گروه آزمایش پس از شش هفته تمرین‌های ذهن‌آگاهی در مقایسه با گروه کنترل نشان داد.
نتیجه گیری از تمرین‌های ذهن‌آگاهی می‌توان به عنوان روشی جدید و نویدبخش در کاهش استرس قبل از مسابقه و افزایش عملکرد ورزشی تیراندازان استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of 6-week Mindfulness Training on Shooter's Salivary Cortisol Concentration and Sport Performance

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Samadi 1
  • Fateme Sadat Hoseini 2
  • Reza Bidaki 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Taft Branch, Islamic Azad University, Taft, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of motor behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Research Center of Addiction and Behavioral Sciences, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background Little research has been conducted on the effectiveness of mindfulness interventions on Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis response and sport performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of 6-week mindfulness training on salivary cortisol concentration as a reliable physiological marker of shooter's competition stress and their sport performance.
Methods & Materials This study was a quasi-experimental study by pretest-posttest design with a control group. Statistical group comprised all men shooter athletes with an age range of 17-22 years in Yazd Province. To do this test, 16 male elite shooters were randomly allocated into experimental and control groups (8 in each). We used salivary cortisol kit (Germany IBL company model RE 52611 model) to evaluate amount of precompetition stress and special forms to evaluated sport performance. We used the Independent t test to compare performance score and repeated measure of ANOVA for comparison of salivary cortisol concentration in experimental and control group. The results were analyzed with SPSS 20.
Results The findings showed significant reduction in salivary cortisol concentration and significant increase in sport performance in experimental group in comparison with the control group after 6 weeks of mindfulness training.
Conclusion The results suggest that mindfulness training can be uses as a new and promised method in reduction of shooter's precompetition stress and enhancing their sport performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mindfulness training
  • Salivary cortisol
  • Sport performance
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