بررسی نقش افسردگی و اضطراب در پیش‌بینی بی‌خوابی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد، گروه روانشناسی،واحد شیراز،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ، شیراز، ایران.

4 دانشجوی دکترا، گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

اهداف بی‌خوابی از اختلال‌های شایعی است که ارتباط آن با افسردگی و اضطراب از گذشته مورد توجه پژوهشگران بوده است. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی نقش افسردگی و اضطراب در پیش‌بینی بی‌خوابی زندانیان انجام شده است.
مواد و روش ها در این پژوهش 110 نفر به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. این افراد پرسش‌نامه کیفیت خواب پیتزبورگ و پرسش‌نامه افسردگی بک و پرسش‌نامه اضطراب بک را تکمیل کردند. داده‌ها با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد.
یافته ها با توجه به نتایج، اضطراب و افسردگی با بی‌خوابی همبستگی معناداری (0001/0P<) دارد. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه به شیوه هم‌زمان نشان داد اضطراب و افسردگی قادر به پیش‌بینی بی‌خوابی است و 29/0 واریانس این متغیر را تبیین می‌کند.
نتیجه گیری با توجه به نقش افسردگی و اضطراب در بی‌خوابی، ارائه خدمات روان‌شناختی به منظور کاهش علائم افسردگی و اضطراب و عوامل زمینه‌ساز آن ضروری به ‌نظر می‌رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Depression and Anxiety in the Prediction Insomnia

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sajad Aminimanesh 1
  • Jafar Hasani 2
  • Mohammad Nikoosiar Jahromi 3
  • Mehdi Taheri 4
  • Hasan Rezaee Jamalooei 4
1 PhD, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.
3 MA, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.
4 PhD Candidate, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objectives Insomnia is one of the common disorders whose relationship with depression and anxiety is widely discussed. The current study aimed at investigating the epidemiology of insomnia and its relationship with depression and anxiety among male prisoners.
Methods In the current study, 110 male prisoners were selected through the convenient sampling method. To collect data, Pittsburgh sleep quality index, Beck depression inventory, and Beck anxiety inventory were used. Data were analyzed using multiple regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results Depression and anxiety had a significant relationship with insomnia (P<0.0001). The results of multiple regression analysis showed that depression and anxiety could predict the insomnia with 0.29 variance.
Conclusion Given the high prevalence of insomnia among prisoners and its relationship with depression and anxiety, it seems necessary to provide psychological services to decrease insomnia and its underlying factors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Insomnia
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • Prisons
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