کیفیت زندگی کاری ماماهای شاغل در شهرستان سبزوار

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی‌ارشد، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی‌درمانی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران.

2 کارشناس، گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی‌درمانی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران.

3 کارشناس‌ارشد، گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی‌درمانی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران.

4 کارشناس‌ارشد، گروه آمار زیستی و اپیدمیولوژی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی‌درمانی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران.

چکیده

اهداف کیفیت ارائه خدمات مامایی به دو گروه حساس جامعه، یعنی مادران و کودکان، به‌طور درخورتوجهی به عملکرد ماما بستگی دارد. در سال‌های اخیر، کیفیت زندگی کاری به‌عنوان شاخصی اثرگذار بر رضایت و عملکرد شغلی کارکنان و تغییرهای سازمانی، مدنظر مدیران قرار گرفته است. هدف از این مطالعه، بررسی کیفیت زندگی کاری ماماهای شاغل در شهرستان سبزوار است.
مواد و روش ها این مطالعه توصیفی‌مقطعی به روش سرشماری روی تمامی ماماهای شاغل در سال 1389 در بیمارستان‌ها و مراکز بهداشتی درمانی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار انجام شد. ابزار جمع‌آوری داده‌ها، پرسشنامه‌های جمعیت‌شناختی و روا و پایای کیفیت زندگی کاری است. داده‌ها با کمک نسخه هجدهم نرم‌افزار SPSS، شاخص‌های آمار توصیفی و تحلیلی، آزمون تی، ANOVA و ضریب هم‌بستگی پیرسون تحلیل شد.
یافته ها میانگین سنی افراد 6/6±5/31 بوده است. میانگین نمره کل کیفیت زندگی کاری کارکنان از مجموع 60 نمره، 1/7± 4/10 شد که نشان‌دهنده پایین‌بودن کیفیت زندگی کاری تمام شرکت‌کنندگان است. بین نمره کیفیت زندگی کاری با متوسط ساعت‌های کار در هفته (0۲1/0=P) و رضایت از حجم کاری خود در هر نوبت (002/0=P)، ارتباط معناداری وجود دارد. بااین‌حال بین سن افراد (30/0=P)، وضعیت تأهل (27/0=P)، تعداد فرزند (95/0=P)، حقوق ماهیانه (37/0=P) و مدرک تحصیلی (42/0=P) با کیفیت زندگی کاری ازنظر آماری رابطه معنا‌داری دیده نشد.
نتیجه گیری امید است مسئولان گام‌های مؤثری برای بهبود شرایط کار و ارتقای امنیت شغلی و نیز استفاده از توانایی‌های حرفه‌ای ماماها در حیطه شرحِ وظایف بردارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Quality of Work Life of Midwives in Sabzevar

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoumeh Sharifzadeh 1
  • Maryam Naghibi Nasab 2
  • Azam Keyvanlo Shahrestanaki 2
  • Nasrin Fazel 3
  • Yaser Tabarraie 4
1 MSc. Student, Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
2 BSc., Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
3 MSc., Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
4 MSc., Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objectives The quality of midwifery services for 2 sensitive society groups, such as mothers and children, strongly depends on the midwives’ performance. Recently, quality of work life as the effective parameter on employees' job satisfaction, job performance, and organizational transformation is focused by managers. The current study aimed at assessing the quality of work life among midwives in Sabzevar, Iran.
Methods The current descriptive, cross sectional study was performed using census data in 2010 on all midwives employed in hospitals and healthcare centers affiliated to Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences. Data were collected by the quality of work life and demographic questionnaires. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 18 using descriptive analytic indices, independent t test, ANOVA, and the Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results The mean age of midwives was 31.5± 6.6 years and the mean score of work life quality for midwives was 10.4 ±7.1 out of 60 points, indicating low quality of work life in all participants. There was a correlation between the overall quality of work life and the average working hours per week (P=0.021), and satisfaction of workload in shifts (P=0.002); but there was no significant relationship between the quality of work life and demographic characteristics such as age (P=0.30), academic degree (P=0.24), marital status (P=0.27), number of children (P=0.95), and monthly salary (P =0.37).
Conclusion It is hoped that the authorities take proper measures to improve midwives' work condition, enhance job security, and use midwives’ professional ability in the areas of their skills.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • midwife
  • Quality of Work Life
  • Job Satisfaction
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