اهمیت خواب و ارتباط آن با چاقی، رژیم غذایی و دیابت

نوع مقاله : مروری

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس‌ارشد تغذیه، مرکز تحقیقات عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر سلامت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان، سنندج، ایران

2 دانشیار، مرکز تحقیقات رشد کودکان، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قزوین، قزوین، ایران

3 کارشناس‌ارشد تغذیه، مرکز تحقیقات رشد کودکان، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قزوین، قزوین، ایران

4 مرکز تحقیقات علوم تغذیه، دانشکدة تغذیه و علوم غذایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

خواب از مهم‌ترین چرخه‌های شبانه‌روزی و یکی از نیازهای اساسی انسان است.تقریباً یک‌سوم از زندگی هر فرد در خواب سپری می‌شود. خواب ناکافی در جامعة مدرن امروزی فراگیر شده است و بسیاری از افراد را رنج می‌دهد. افراد مبتلا به اختلال خواب علاوه‌بر خستگی دچار نقص در ترمیم سلول‌ها، مشکل در تفکر، حافظه و یادگیری، افزایش استرس و کاهش کیفیت عملکرد روزانه در رفتارند.در اغلب موارد اختلال در سیکل خواب، نشانه‌ا‌ی زودرس در بیماری‌های مختلف است. مطالعات مختلف نشان داده است که اختلالات خواب با بروز و تشدید انواع بیماری‌ها در ارتباط است و بهبود کیفیت خواب در سنین مختلف باعث جلوگیری از ابتلا به بیماری‌های مزمن در طول زندگی به‌خصوص در سنین بزرگسالی می‌شود. با توجه به شواهد موجود و تأثیر چشمگیر خواب در سلامتی و بهبود کیفیت زندگی افراد، همچنین کاهش کیفیت و کمیت خواب در جامعة مدرن امروزی، این مطالعه به بررسی اهمیت خواب و ارتباط آن با چاقی، رژیم غذایی و دیابت پرداخته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Importance of Sleep and Its Association with Obesity, Diet and Diabetes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Foad Alimoradi 1
  • Maryam Javadi 2
  • Shabnam Jalilolghadr 2
  • Anita Avani 3
  • Jalal Moludi 4
1 M.Sc. in Nutrition, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Children Growth Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
3 M.Sc. in Nutrition, Children Growth Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
4 Nutrition Research Center, Faculty of Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Sleeping is the most important circadian rhythms and one of the fundamental human needs. Approximately, one third of one's life is spent in the sleep. Insufficient sleep has been widespread in the modern society and a large number of people are suffering from it. People with sleep disorders in addition to fatigue are experiencing the defect in cell regeneration, difficulty in thinking, learning and memory, increased stress and reduced the daily performance on behavior. In most cases, disruption in the sleep cycle is an early symptom in the various diseases. Several studies have shown that the sleep disorders are associated with the incidence and intensifying of diseases, and the improvement of sleep quality in different ages, especially in the adulthood, helps them to avoid the risk of chronic diseases during life. According to evidence and the impressive impact of sleep on health and quality of people’s life and also reducing the quality and quantity of sleep in the modern society, this study examines the importance of sleep and its effect on health, especially the role of sleep in the prevention of metabolic diseases.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • diabetes
  • diet
  • Obesity
  • sleep
  • sleep quality
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دوره 24، شماره 1
فروردین و اردیبهشت
فروردین و اردیبهشت 1396
صفحه 35-41
  • تاریخ دریافت: 12 آذر 1395
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 08 تیر 1395
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 03 اسفند 1395
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 فروردین 1396