ارتباط هوش ‌هیجانی با سلامت عمومی و رفتار ایمنی کارکنان شرکت چاپ و نشر در سال 1393

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی ارگونومی، گروه ارگونومی، دانشکدة بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، ایران

2 دانشیار، دکترای بهداشت حرفه‌ای، مرکز تحقیقات سلامت کار، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی‌ارشد مهندسی بهداشت حرفه‌ای، گروه مهندسی بهداشت حرفه‌ای، دانشکدة بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

اهدافیکی از کاربردهای نظام‌مند تحقیق روان‌شناختی رفتار انسان بررسی مسائل ایمنی است. با توجه به نقش هوش ‌هیجانی در سطح سلامت روان کارگران و پیشگیری از رفتارهای ناایمن و برای ارتقای سطح سلامتی جامعة کارگری، این مطالعه با هدف بررسی ارتباط هوش‌ هیجانی با سلامت ‌عمومی و رفتار ایمنی کارکنان صنعت چاپ و نشر در سال 1393 اجرا شد.
مواد و روش‌هااینمطالعة توصیفی- تحلیلی و مقطعی میان تمام کارکنان عملیاتی شرکتی تولیدی (98 نفر) انجام شد. ابزارهای مورد استفاده پرسشنامه‌های دموگرافیکی، هوش ‌هیجانی برادبری و گریوز و سلامت ‌عمومی گلدبرگ 28 سؤالی بود. در مورد رفتارهای ایمنی از چک‌لیست رفتاری استفاده شد. داده‌های حاصل با نسخة 22 نرم‌افزارSPSS و با استفاده از آزمون همبستگی پیرسون در سطح معنا‌داری 05/0 آنالیز شد.
یافته‌هامعدل هوش ‌هیجانی کارکنان مورد مطالعه 7/15±2/122 محاسبه شد. میانگین و انحراف استاندارد سلامت ‌عمومی ایشان نیز 4/10±4/50 به‌دست آمد. از مجموع 800 رفتار مشاهده‌شده، 646 مورد (8/80 درصد) ایمن بودند. در بررسی ارتباط میان هوش‌ هیجانی با سلامت عمومی، بعد خود مدیریتی ارتباط معنا‌دار آماری (05/0P<) با ضریب همبستگی 3/0- داشت. همچنین، نشانه‌های افسردگی با ضریب 3/0- با هوش ‌هیجانی ارتباط معنا‌داری دارد (05/0P<). آگاهی اجتماعی هوش‌هیجانی نیز با ضریب همبستگی قوی و مستقیم (8/0) با رفتار ایمن افراد ارتباط دارد. همچنین، هوش‌ هیجانی با رفتار ایمنی ارتباط معنا‌داری نداشت (05/0P>).
نتیجه‌گیریدرمجموع، یافته‌ها نشان از وضعیت نامناسب سلامت ‌عمومی کارگران دارد. منطبق بر نتایج این تحقیق، افزایش هوش ‌هیجانی بر سطح سلامت روان کارگران تأثیر مثبت و بر رفتارهای ناایمن و بروز خطا تأثیر منفی دارد. ازآنجا که ارتقای سطح هوش‌ هیجانی افراد از طریق آموزش امکان‌پذیر است، تدوین بستة جامع توسعة هوش‌هیجانی کارگران توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between emotional intelligence with general health and safety behavior among workers of a manufacturing industry in 2014-15

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Khandan 1
  • Alireza Koohpaei 2
  • Vajihe Mobinizadeh 3
1 M.Sc. in Ergonomics, Ergonomics Department, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2 Ph.D. in Occupational Health Engineering, Work Health Research Centre, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
3 Occupational Health Engineering Department, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background & Objectives: One of the most important applications of psychological research is problem solving in the safety challenges field. Based on the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in mental health and prevention of unsafe behaviors, and to promote workforce's health, this study aimed to survey relationship between emotional intelligence with general health and safety behavior (BS) in an industry, in 2014.
Materials & Methods:In a descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study, all operational employees working at a publication industry were included. Demographics, Goldberg general health-28, and Bradberry-Greaves questionnaires and a safety behavior checklist were tools to gather data. Statistical analysis of Pearson correlation was used to data evaluation by SPSS V22.
Results: Mean EI test score was calculated which was equal to 122.2±15.7. Also, total score of staffs' general health was reported as 50.4±10.4. 646 out 800 of behaviors that were assessed in present study were safe (80.8%). There was a significant relationship between EI (self-management component) and general health with correlation coefficient equal to -0.3. Also, depression with correlation coefficient equal to -0.334 was related to EI significantly (P<0.05). Further data revealed that there was significant and severe (0.8) relationship between EI (Social awareness component) with safe behaviors. Also, EI was not in significant relation with safety behavior (P<0.05).
Conclusion:The findings of this study collectively indicated that subjects had not an acceptable situation for mental factors such as depression. However the results confirmed an essential role of EI in perceiving general health and preventing employees of negative behaviors. Based on this fact that education can improve EI, design an integrated package for EI development of employees was recommended strongly.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotional Intelligence
  • general health
  • industry
  • safety behavior
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دوره 24، شماره 1
فروردین و اردیبهشت
فروردین و اردیبهشت 1396
صفحه 63-70
  • تاریخ دریافت: 29 آبان 1394
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 01 مرداد 1396
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 17 فروردین 1395
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 فروردین 1396